Skip to main content

Defense Infrastructure: Overseas Master Plans Are Improving, but DOD Needs to Provide Congress Additional Information about the Military Buildup on Guam

GAO-07-1015 Published: Sep 12, 2007. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2007.
Jump To:
Skip to Highlights


Over the next several years, implementation of the Department of Defense's (DOD) Integrated Global Presence and Basing Strategy will result in the realignment of U.S. forces and the construction of new facilities costing billions of dollars at installations overseas. The Senate and House reports accompanying the fiscal year 2004 military construction appropriation bill directed GAO to monitor DOD's overseas master plans and to provide congressional defense committees with assessments each year. The Senate report accompanying the fiscal year 2007 military construction appropriation bill directed GAO to review DOD's master planning effort for Guam as part of these annual reviews. This report, first, examines how the overseas plans have changed and the extent to which they address the challenges faced by DOD and, second, assesses the status of DOD's planning effort and the challenges associated with the buildup of military forces and infrastructure on Guam.

The fiscal year 2008 overseas master plans, which provide infrastructure requirements at U.S. military facilities in each of the overseas regional commands' area of responsibility, have been updated to reflect U.S. overseas defense basing strategies and requirements as well as GAO's prior recommendations for improving the plans. The plans also address DOD's challenges to a greater extent than they did in previous years. However, two areas continue to be of concern. First, the master plans do not address the issue of residual value--that is, the value of property being turned over to the host nation based on its reuse of property. Although DOD officials believe that residual value cannot be readily predicted and therefore should not be in the master plans, compensation received for U.S capital improvements at installations returned to host nations could affect U.S. funding requirements for overseas construction. Second, the master plan for PACOM, which provides details on the command's training limitations in Japan and several other challenges, does not provide details regarding training limitations for the Air Force in South Korea, which could cause the United States to pursue alternatives, such as training in other locations, downsizing, or relocating that could affect overseas basing plans. Without addressing the residual value issue and providing details on these training challenges, DOD cannot provide Congress a comprehensive view enabling it to make informed decisions regarding funding. GAO has previously recommended that overseas regional commands address residual value issues and that PACOM explain how it plans to address existing training limitations. Because these recommendations have not been fully addressed, GAO considers them to be open and believes that they still have merit. DOD's planning effort for the buildup of military forces and infrastructure on Guam is in its initial stages, with many key decisions and challenges yet to be addressed. Among the challenges to be addressed is completing the required environmental impact statement, initiated in March 2007. According to DOD officials, this statement and associated record of decision could take up to 3 years to complete and will affect many of the key decisions on the exact location, size, and makeup of the military infrastructure development--decisions needed to develop a master plan for the military buildup on Guam. DOD and the services are still determining the exact size and makeup of the forces to be moved to Guam, needed in order to identify the housing, operational, quality of life, and services support infrastructure required for the Marine Corps realignment and the other services' buildup. DOD officials said that additional time is needed to fully address other challenges associated with the Guam military buildup, including funding requirements, operational requirements, and community impact. Until the environmental assessment and initial planning efforts are completed, Congress will need to be kept abreast of developments and challenges affecting infrastructure and funding decisions to make appropriate funding and oversight decisions.


Matter for Congressional Consideration

Matter Status Comments
To further facilitate annual review and oversight by Congress and other users of the overseas master plans, Congress may wish to consider requiring the Secretary of Defense to ensure that (1) future overseas master plans address the extent to which the regional commands are seeking residual value compensation for U.S. capital improvements at installations returned to host nations and (2) future U.S. Pacific Command plans address existing training limitations in its area of responsibility and the potential effects of those limitations on infrastructure and funding requirements.
Closed – Implemented
This matter for Congressional consideration is closed-implemented because Senate Report Number 111-226, accompanying the fiscal year 2011 military construction appropriations bill noted that in order to provide Congress with comprehensive and routine information on the status of these major DOD posture initiatives in a manner that can be used to provide the appropriate context for budget deliberations and oversight, the Committee directs the Department to provide detailed annual updates on the status of posture restructuring initiatives in Korea, Japan, Guam, and the initiative that will address training capabilities and capacity in the Pacific region as an appendix to the annual DOD Global Posture Report. In addition, the Senate report, further requested that the status updates be provided annually, beginning with the submission of the fiscal year 2012 budget request, until the restructuring initiatives are complete and/or funding requirements to support them are satisfied and they include facility requirements and cost and funding status, cost summary, and a funding summary.
To help ensure the best application of limited federal funds and the leveraging of all available options for supporting the military buildup on Guam until DOD prepares a master plan, Congress may wish to consider requiring the Secretary of Defense to report periodically to all the defense committees on the status of DOD's planning efforts for Guam, including DOD's efforts to complete its environmental impact statement, identify the exact size and makeup of the forces to be moved to Guam and the associated infrastructure required, and address the various challenges associated with the military buildup.
Closed – Implemented
As directed by the Explanatory Statement of the 2008 Consolidation Appropriations Act, on September 15, 2008, the Department of Defense (DOD) provided the congressional defense committees a report on the status DOD's planning for the military buildup on Guam. The status report described DOD's planning process, the size and makeup the military force and dependents buildup on Guam, infrastructure requirements, DOD's plan to accomplish the required construction, DOD's plan to support the construction workers, DOD's funding plan, and the status of the Government of Japan's funding efforts.

Full Report

Office of Public Affairs


Defense capabilitiesDefense economic analysisFederal fundsFunds managementInternational cooperationMilitary facilitiesMilitary facility constructionMilitary forcesMilitary trainingProgram evaluationRegional planningReporting requirementsStrategic planning