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GAO was asked to study all federal lands to determine which lands could and should be sold, the market value of all federal lands, and the methods of disposal or sale that would yield the most revenue and do justice to existing uses. GAO was asked to address the issues of: (1) the total amount of federal land in the United States broken down by agency and state; (2) the kinds of lands and buildings held by each agency and whether they are currently being used; (3) the approximate market value of the land owned by each agency both by category and by state; (4) the possible revision of existing statutes and regulations governing the sale of federal land to states, local governments, or private individuals; and (5) the uses to which funds obtained through the sale of excess land could be applied.

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