Skip to Highlights

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) certification of commercial aircraft and its coordination with foreign aviation authorities, focusing on: (1) the benefits of common international certification standards and practices; (2) the development of such standards and practices; and (3) the relationships between authorities and manufacturers in the United States and Europe.

Skip to Recommendations


Recommendations for Executive Action

Agency Affected Recommendation Status
Department of Transportation To help ensure that the recent momentum in the harmonization effort results in the identification and resolution of regulatory differences and avoidance of duplication between FAA and JAA early in the aircraft certification process, the Secretary of Transportation should direct the Administrator, FAA, to develop specific mechanisms, such as joint teams, to coordinate certification activities with JAA and prevent unnecessary duplication and late interpretational differences in certifying a transport airplane design.
Closed - Implemented

Recommendation status is Closed - Implemented.

FAA and Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) developed concurrent, cooperative certification procedures in order to eliminate unnecessary duplication and establish a common certification basis at the outset of a program during the certification of the Boeing 777 in May 1995. These new certification procedures were also used in the certification of the Airbus 340. FAA and JAA are continuing their efforts to resolve industry concerns regarding the procedures. FAA and JAA meet each year to address these concerns and other harmonization activities. This effort is an ongoing, never-ending process.
Department of Transportation When submitting the Department's proposal to Congress for rechartering the Aviation Rulemaking Advisory Committee (ARAC), the Secretary of Transportation should direct the Administrator, FAA, to report on: (1) the results achieved through ARAC; (2) the problems encountered during its implementation; (3) FAA actions taken to overcome the problems; (4) effect of ARAC on FAA/JAA harmonization activities; and (5) the impact of ARAC on the FAA rulemaking process.
Closed - Not Implemented

Recommendation status is Closed - Not Implemented.

FAA does not plan to take the recommended action. Rather, the Department of Transportation will evaluate ARAC's benefits to ensure that it provides necessary and effective input commensurate with costs incurred.

Full Report