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In response to a congressional request, GAO: (1) assessed the merits of retaining or eliminating certain Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) trucking regulatory functions; and (2) estimated the budgetary impact of deregulation on ICC.
Matter for Congressional Consideration
|If Congress acts favorably on proposed deregulatory legislation, it may wish to consider revising the provisions in section 30 of the Motor Carrier Act of 1980, which specify insurance requirements for motor carriers, so as to make the requirements for private and for-hire carriers identical.||Congressional response to this recommendation was conditional on congressional action on trucking deregulation. There has been no action by Congress on proposed legislation.|
|If Congress takes further action on deregulatory legislation, it may wish to consider either retaining the Carmack Amendment as statutory law, or replacing by statute both the statutory and common law cargo damage liability requirements, leaving such requirements solely to contractual agreements between the carrier and the shipper.||Congressional response to this recommendation was conditional on congressional action on trucking deregulation, which has not taken place.|
|Congress may also wish to consider, in any deregulatory legislation, the need to restructure the collection of data on the trucking industry in the federal government to ensure that public and private needs for data are met in the most cost-effective manner if the ICC role in data collection is terminated. Congress may wish to mandate that DOT act to coordinate such a restructuring along the lines described above.||Congressional response to this recommendation was conditional on congressional action on trucking deregulation, which has not taken place.|
Recommendations for Executive Action
|Department of Transportation||1. The Secretary of Transportation should direct appropriate department officials to develop a long-term assessment of requirements for and costs of data on truck transportation, based on the needs of various users in the federal and state governments and in the private sector, and, in conjunction with OMB, coordinate data gathering among DOT, ICC, Census, and other truck transportation data-gathering agencies.|