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GAO reviewed the Army's peacetime screening process to determine whether it effectively identified reservists with civilian occupations that would be critical to private-sector operations during a war effort.

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Recommendations for Executive Action

Agency Affected Recommendation Status
Department of Defense 1. The Secretary of Defense should provide guidance to the military services on how to fulfill their screening responsibility for ready reservists employed in the nonfederal sector. In this regard, the Secretary should examine the feasibility of implementing a system to directly notify nonfederal employers of ready reservists of their screening opportunity. Such a system should, at a minimum, notify employers in the fields of public health, safety, and defense support industries.
Closed - Not Implemented
DOD did not agree with this recommendation and will not take action because there is no statutory requirement to provide employees an opportunity to designate key positions. The opportunity has been set out in the Code of Federal Regulations and DOD believes this is an appropriate and cost-effective way to provide notice to nonfederal employees. No further action is needed.
Department of the Army 2. If the Secretary of Defense determines that direct notification is not feasible, the Secretary of the Army should require Army commands to establish procedures to obtain feedback from reservists on whether nonfederal employers have been informed of their screening opportunity.
Closed - Not Implemented
DOD will revise DOD Directive 1200.7 to ensure that military service procedures are in effect to require feedback from reservists that they have notified employers of their military obligation. Notification to employers of their screening opportunity is not, however, in DOD's view, an appropriate responsibility for individual reservists. No further action is needed.

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