Federal efforts to protect consumers from illegal and potentially harmful residues of animal drugs, pesticides, and environmental contaminants in raw meat and poultry have not been effective. It is estimated that 14 percent by dressed weight of the meat and poultry sampled by the Department of Agriculture (USDA) between 1974 and 1976 contained illegal substances. Residues of many of these substances have been found in raw meat and poultry, often at levels exceeding established tolerances. The Food and Drug Administration, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and USDA share responsibility for making sure that only safe levels of drugs, pesticides, and environmental contaminants are present in raw meat and poultry.
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