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Troubled Asset Relief Program: Status of Remaining Housing Programs

GAO-23-106099 Published: Dec 14, 2022. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 2022.
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Fast Facts

Through the Troubled Asset Relief Program, Treasury provided $33 billion to 3 federal programs to help prevent home foreclosures.

We reviewed the status of these programs.

The Hardest Hit Fund ended in March 2022.

The Short Refinance program is slated to wind down by the end of 2022.

The Making Home Affordable (MHA) program is slated to wind down by early 2024. Treasury has already deobligated billions of dollars from this program. These funds are no longer available for the program's use but remain at Treasury.

We previously recommended that Congress permanently rescind deobligated MHA funds so that they can be used for other priorities.

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What GAO Found

As of September 30, 2022, the Department of the Treasury had disbursed $31.66 billion (about 97 percent) of the $32.55 billion in Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) funds. These funds were obligated to the Making Home Affordable (MHA), Housing Finance Agency Innovation Fund for the Hardest Hit Housing Markets (Hardest Hit Fund), and the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Short Refinance programs. The MHA and FHA Short Refinance programs are in the process of winding down. All assistance provided through the Hardest Hit Fund ended as of March 31, 2022, and the program is now closed.

  • Treasury anticipates that the MHA program will completely wind down by the end of 2023 or early 2024. Treasury continues to monitor servicer compliance with program guidance, reporting requirements, and other issues related to winding down the program. Treasury disbursed $22.14 billion in TARP funds obligated to the MHA program as of September 30, 2020.
  • The remaining amount of funds available for the FHA Short Refinance program was approximately $23 million, as of September 30, 2022. Treasury officials told GAO that the agency will honor its share of claims in the event of a default on a refinanced loan after FHA pays its share through December 31, 2022, when the FHA Short Refinance program expires. After that date, Treasury plans to wind down all program financing and operating agreements.

Why GAO Did This Study

The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act provided GAO with broad oversight authorities for actions taken under TARP and included a provision that we report on TARP activities. GAO has continued to provide updates on TARP programs. This report focuses on the status of the two remaining TARP-funded housing programs, as of September 30, 2022.

To describe program activities, expenditures, and disbursement status of the TARP-funded housing program, GAO reviewed the most recently available public data, including Treasury funding transaction reports, monthly reports to Congress, and agency financial reports. These data were generally current, as of September 30, 2022.

GAO also reviewed audits of TARP financial statements for fiscal years 2019 through 2022, and interviewed Treasury officials and obtained documentation on Treasury's efforts to wind down the MHA and Hardest Hit Fund programs.


In March 2016, we recommended that Congress consider permanently rescinding any excess MHA balances that Treasury deobligated and did not move into the Hardest Hit Fund.

Full Report

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