Skip to main content

Military Base Realignments and Closures: Estimated Costs Have Increased While Savings Estimates Have Decreased Since Fiscal Year 2009

GAO-10-98R Published: Nov 13, 2009. Publicly Released: Nov 13, 2009.
Jump To:
Skip to Highlights


The Department of Defense's (DOD) cost estimates to implement recommendations from the most recent Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) round have steadily increased each budget year since 2005. This BRAC round is the fifth such round undertaken by DOD since 1988 and, by our assessment, it is the biggest, most complex, and costliest BRAC round ever. With this round, DOD plans to execute hundreds of BRAC actions affecting over 800 defense locations and relocate over 123,000 personnel. Before it can realize savings from BRAC, DOD must first invest billions of dollars in facility construction, renovation, and other up-front expenses. To implement BRAC 2005, DOD plans to spend nearly $35 billion--an unprecedented amount, given that it has spent only about $25 billion to implement the four previous BRAC rounds combined.

Full Report

Office of Public Affairs


Base closuresBase realignmentsBudget activitiesBudget functionsComparative analysisCost analysisDefense budgetsDefense economic analysisDefense operationsDefense procurementFuture budget projectionsMilitary basesMilitary forcesStrategic planningCost estimates