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Intellectual Property: Observations on Efforts to Quantify the Economic Effects of Counterfeit and Pirated Goods

GAO-10-423 Published: Apr 12, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2010.
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In October 2008, Congress passed the Prioritizing Resources and Organization for Intellectual Property Act of 2008 (PRO-IP Act), to improve the effectiveness of U.S. government efforts to protect intellectual property (IP) rights such as copyrights, patents, and trademarks. The act also directed GAO to provide information on the quantification of the impacts of counterfeit and pirated goods. GAO (1) examined existing research on the effects of counterfeiting and piracy on consumers, industries, government, and the U.S. economy; and (2) identified insights gained from efforts to quantify the effects of counterfeiting and piracy on the U.S. economy. GAO interviewed officials and subject matter experts from U.S. government agencies, industry associations, nongovernmental organizations, and academic institutions, and reviewed literature and studies quantifying or discussing the economic impacts of counterfeiting and piracy on the U.S. economy, industry, government, and consumers. GAO is making no recommendations in this report.

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CopyrightData collectionEconomic analysisEconomic growthImportingIndustryIntellectual propertyInternational tradeLaw enforcementLossesPatentsSalesSearch and seizureSupply chain managementSurveysTrademarksCounterfeitingSupply and demand