Established in 1998, the Job Access and Reverse Commute Program (JARC)-administered by the Federal Transit Administration (FTA)--awards grants to states and localities to provide transportation to help low-income individuals access jobs. In 2005, the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act--A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) reauthorized the program and made changes, such as allocating funds by formula to large and small urban and rural areas through designated recipients, usually transit agencies and states. SAFETEA-LU also required GAO to periodically review the program. This second report under the mandate examines (1) the extent to which FTA has awarded JARC funds for fiscal years 2006 through 2008, and how recipients are using the funds; (2) challenges faced by recipients in implementing the program; and (3) FTA's plans to evaluate the program. For this work, GAO analyzed data and interviewed officials from FTA, nine states, and selected localities.
Recommendations for Executive Action
|Department of Transportation||The Secretary of DOT should direct the FTA to determine what actions FTA or Congress could take to address the challenges agencies have encountered. For example, these actions could include providing more specific guidance to assist large urbanized areas with jurisdiction over small urbanized or rural areas, or suggesting that Congress consider consolidating the application processes for JARC and other programs with similar requirements.||
Closed - Implemented
|Department of Transportation||The Secretary of DOT should direct the FTA to ensure that program evaluations use generally accepted survey design and data analysis methodologies by conducting a peer review of current and future program evaluations, including UIC's current study of the JARC program. This review could be conducted with the assistance of another agency within DOT, such as the Bureau of Transportation Statistics within DOT's Research and Innovative Technology Administration.||
Closed - Implemented