Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was established to ensure that infants and toddlers with disabilities, from birth to age 3, and their families receive appropriate early intervention services. Within the Department of Education (Education), the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) is responsible for awarding and monitoring grants to states for Part C according to IDEA requirements. To address questions about how states have implemented IDEA Part C, this report provides information on (1) how Part C programs differ in their eligibility criteria and whom they serve, (2) to what extent states differ in their provision of services and funding, and (3) how Education and state lead agencies help support and oversee efforts to implement Part C, such as identifying children for services and transitioning children to follow-on programs, such as IDEA Part B.
Recommendations for Executive Action
|Department of Education||In order to assist states in providing a more seamless transition for children with disabilities from IDEA Part C to Part B, or other preschool programs, the Secretary of Education should provide states with additional guidance on transition planning and services for children with birthdays during the summer, and especially in cases where children are likely to need extended school year services.|
|Department of Education||After Education completes and verifies the results from its ongoing studies relating to transitioning, that information should be used to inform the department's guidance to states on transition planning.|