Bank Tying: Additional Steps Needed to Ensure Effective Enforcement of Tying Prohibitions

GAO-04-4 Published: Oct 10, 2003. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2003.
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Investment affiliates of large commercial banks have made competitive inroads in the annual $1.3 trillion debt-underwriting market. Some corporate borrowers and officials from unaffiliated investment banks have alleged that commercial banks helped their investment affiliates gain market share by illegally tying and underpricing corporate credit. This report discusses these allegations, the available evidence related to the allegations, and federal bank regulatory agencies' efforts to enforce the antitying provisions.

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