In January 2002, GAO issued an amendment to Government Auditing Standards, Amendment No. 3, Independence, which substantially changed the previous standard to better serve the public interest and to maintain a high degree of integrity, objectivity and independence for audits of government entities. GAO has received many inquiries about the new independence standard due to its significant effect on audits of federal entities and funds and on those who have adopted or are otherwise required to use Government Auditing Standards. Accordingly, this document responds to questions related to the independence standard's implementation time frame, underlying concepts, and application in specific nonaudit circumstances.
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