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In 1977, aircraft delays caused U.S. airlines to use an additional 700 million gallons of fuel which is over 8 percent of their total consumption, detained travelers 600 million hours, and cost the airlines over $800 million.
Matter for Congressional Consideration
|Congress should direct the Secretary of Transportation to decrease air traffic during congested periods at major U.S. airports. This could be accomplished by adding a new subsection to section 307 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 as follows: "In the exercise of authority under subsections (a), (b), and (c) of this section, the Secretary of Transportation is authorized and directed to implement procedures, including the imposition of reasonable charges, which will decrease air traffic in the airspace or at or in the vicinity of any airport at which the Secretary determines that such procedures are necessary to reduce congestion."||Congress passed the Airport Improvement Act (P.L. 97-248) and did not include the authority recommended by GAO.|
|Congress should make privately owned reliever airports eligible for ADAP. This could be accomplished by amending: (1) section 14(a) of title 1 of the Airport and Airway Development Act of 1970, 49 U.S.C. 1714a, to read "public-use" in lieu of "public" in the first sentence; and (2) the last sentence of section 15(a) of the Airport and Airway Development Act of 1970, 49 U.S.C. 1715(a)(4) to read "$18,750,000 of the amount made available for fiscal year 1976, including such period, and $15,000,000 of the amount made available for each of the other fiscal years shall be distributed at the discretion of the Secretary to reliever airports including privately owned reliever airports."||When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.|
Recommendations for Executive Action
|Department of Transportation||1. The Secretary of Transportation should use peak surcharges and/or quotas to implement the new subsection to section 307 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958.|
|Department of Transportation||2. The Secretary of Transportation should develop a method which will enable reliever airport operators to determine to what extent their proposed improvements will help reduce congestion and delay at major airports.|