Mass Transit:

Federal Participation in Transit Benefit Programs

T-RCED-93-72: Published: Sep 23, 1993. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 1993.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

GAO discussed federal agency and employee participation in transit benefit programs in the 25 largest metropolitan areas, focusing on: (1) the extent and cost of federal participation; and (2) how employee participation affects commuting behavior. GAO noted that: (1) as of 1993, 75 federal agencies have participated in mass transit benefit programs; (2) three quarters of all participating employees live in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area; (3) although three-fourths of the participating employees already use public transportation as their primary commuting source, 21 percent have changed their primary means of commuting as a direct result of transit benefits; (4) the benefits and cost-effectiveness of the transit benefit program are difficult to measure because the program lacks specific goals; (5) if transit benefits are increased to $60 per month, employee participation rates could increase up to 49 percent; (6) 1993 federal participation in transit benefit programs is expected to cost between $8 million and $10 million; (7) many agencies do not participate in transit benefit programs because Congress expects each agency to absorb the costs from their existing budgets; (8) funding options to reauthorize transit benefit programs include funding through existing resources, direct congressional appropriations, and allowing agencies to retain parking fees to fund their participation; and (9) Congress needs to consider establishing a central coordinating authority to provide guidance to agencies participating in transit benefit programs.

Jan 7, 2021

Dec 18, 2020

Dec 17, 2020

Nov 24, 2020

Nov 19, 2020

Nov 16, 2020

Nov 9, 2020

Oct 29, 2020

Sep 30, 2020

Looking for more? Browse all our products here