Operation Desert Shield/Storm:

Impact of Defense Cooperation Account Funding on Future Maintenance Budgets

NSIAD-93-179: Published: Jun 10, 1993. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 1993.

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GAO addressed the: (1) nature and extent of damage sustained by military equipment in Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm; (2) cost of maintaining and repairing military equipment used in the operations; and (3) degree that such costs are covered by allied contributions to the Defense Cooperation Account (DCA).

GAO found that: (1) the condition of and maintenance requirements for equipment returning from the operations varied considerably; (2) most of the equipment used in the operations was left unattended and unprotected from adverse desert conditions; (3) nearly all large vehicles and aircraft sent to the Gulf region had some preexisting maintenance needs that became worse during the operations; (4) it was very difficult to clearly identify incremental operation-related maintenance and repair requirements before the operations from maintenance required under peacetime operating conditions; (5) the services' financial accounting systems do not differentiate between organizational- or intermediate-level maintenance obligations; (6) the combination of normal maintenance funding and DCA funding could reduce future maintenance requirements; and (7) reduced future maintenance requirements should not necessarily reduce future funding levels.

Matter for Congressional Consideration

  1. Status: Closed - Not Implemented

    Comments: DOD has not responded to the report. There were no recommendation to DOD, only matters for congressional consideration. DOD did not view this as an action item.

    Matter: Congress should require the Department of Defense (DOD) to report on the impact that DCA funding has had on each of the services' organizational-, intermediate-, and depot-level maintenance needs in the fiscal year 1994 budget and in the Future Years Defense Plan. To the extent maintenance funding requirements have been reduced, appropriate budget reductions or reallocations should be made.


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