Army Force Structure:

Personnel, Equipment, and Cost Issues Related to the European Drawdown

NSIAD-92-200BR: Published: Apr 9, 1992. Publicly Released: Apr 9, 1992.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the U.S. Army, Europe's (USAREUR) implementation of its force reduction plan, focusing on personnel, cost, and equipment issues.

GAO found that: (1) the accelerated pace of the Army drawdown in Europe has greatly increased demands on USAREUR resources at a time when the USAREUR budget is being dramatically reduced; (2) although the Army is successfully removing troops from Europe at a rapid pace, the associated reductions in civilian personnel and equipment lag behind; (3) the European drawdown is contributing to the problems of U.S. military installations which are already burdened with assimilating an influx of personnel from domestic base closures and realignments; (4) returning soldiers are arriving at crowded posts, experiencing difficulty finding affordable housing, and bearing the cost of temporary lodging when housing can not be located within a few days; (5) although the Army is returning 57 formerly European-based support units originally scheduled for inactivation to bolster active-duty forces in its contingency force, much of those units' equipment was used in Operation Desert Storm and is in poor condition; (6) the Army believes that it can bring those units back to a high state of readiness by summer 1992, but the maintenance capacity of receiving bases is being fully taxed and it is uncertain how quickly this goal will be achieved; and (7) USAREUR has not yet disposed of the large amount of excess equipment resulting from force reductions or eliminated the entire stockpile of war reserve materiel in Central Europe.

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