Methods Used for Determining Conventional Ammunition Requirements (Unclassified Digest)

LCD-77-401: Published: Jul 20, 1977. Publicly Released: Jul 20, 1977.

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The methods used for determining conventional U.S. ammunition requirements for the war reserve stockpile were examined, and recommendations were made for improving the methods used to meet the munitions needs in Europe.

Resupply from production facilities will take twice as long as estimated if ammunition supplies are exhausted in Europe. Logistics planning on a yearly basis reflects the world situation, but it has created imbalances between the services. The services base their requirements on different criteria. Air Force requirements are primarily based on cost effectiveness; whereas, Army requirements are primarily based on combat simulations. Despite the recommendation of the Secretary of Defense, the Navy and some Marine Corps munitions were not based on a cost-effective criterion.

Matter for Congressional Consideration

  1. Status: Closed

    Comments: Please call 202/512-6100 for additional information.

    Matter: The House Committee on Appropriations should ask the Department of Defense to evaluate U.S. military posture in Europe relative to allied capability; discuss the implications of substituting precision-guided munitions for some less sophisticated munitions to support an Asian scenario; and discuss with the Navy the validity of adding shipfill requirements to the war reserve stockpile.

Recommendation for Executive Action

  1. Status: Closed

    Comments: Please call 202/512-6100 for additional information.

    Recommendation: The Secretary of the Army should examine the Army's special operational project requirements and plan to meet these needs, where appropriate, from the war reserve stockpile. The Secretary of Defense should direct the Marine Corps to follow his guidance in developing requirements and require the services to fully recognize in-theatre losses to minimize the impact on U.S. readiness posture for munitions. The Marine Corps should eliminate its practice of rounding firing rates to conform to unit packs.

    Agency Affected:


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