Compensatory Education:

Difficulties in Measuring Comparability of Resources Within School Districts

HRD-93-37: Published: Mar 11, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 1993.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined school districts' compliance with the Department of Education's Chapter 1 program provisions that schools within a single district have comparable services, programs, personnel, and resources.

GAO found that: (1) educators and Education officials disagreed as to how to best measure Chapter 1 comparability and how broadened criteria would affect school districts; (2) Chapter 1 districts generally complied with student-teacher ratio requirements and Chapter 1 districts had equal or greater numbers of instructional staff per student than non-Chapter 1 schools; (3) both federal and state agencies monitored compliance with the federal comparability provisions; (4) Chapter 1 schools were often inadequate in terms of teacher quality, supplies, equipment, and other expenditures; (5) Chapter 1 comparability provisions positively affected the equitable distribution of state and local resources among within-district schools; (6) additional Chapter 1 comparability requirements may not ensure greater quality or equal distribution of resources, may reduce school resource distribution flexibility, and increase administrative costs; and (7) changes to Chapter 1 comparability requirements need to be addressed in the greater national education debate on national standards and take into consideration the relationships among standards, school resources, and measuring school capacity.

Apr 17, 2018

Apr 4, 2018

Feb 22, 2018

Feb 7, 2018

Jan 23, 2018

Dec 18, 2017

Nov 30, 2017

Sep 20, 2017

Sep 14, 2017

Sep 13, 2017

Looking for more? Browse all our products here