Questionable Need for Some Department of Labor Training Programs
HRD-78-4: Published: Apr 10, 1978. Publicly Released: Apr 10, 1978.
- Full Report:
Under the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) of 1973, the Department of Labor funds programs to provide job training and employment opportunities for economically disadvantaged, unemployed, and underemployed persons. The Apprenticeship Outreach Program (AOP) was designed to recruit, counsel, tutor, and refer primarily minority youths to apprenticeship positions in construction trades. The National On-the-Job training (OJT) program's primary objective is to provide training to unemployed, underemployed, and economically disadvantaged persons for jobs in skilled occupational shortage areas, many of which are construction related.
Conditions which existed when the Department of Labor began the apprenticeship program have substantially changed. Employment opportunities in the construction industry have declined, causing a change in placement emphasis to general jobs. This policy shift underlined the question of the continued need for AOP. The results of several construction related OJT projects during 1975 and 1976 demonstrated placement and operational problems. In many cases, program participants were not receiving adequate training, nor were they aware of any OJT to be obtained. Subcontractors have been using program funds instead of their own funds to support their regular apprenticeship systems. Some national contractors have used about one-third of the funds to pay for headquarters and regional administrative operations. Insufficient oversight and evaluation by the Department of Labor contributed to the problems of these programs.