School Safety:

Promising Initiatives for Addressing School Violence

HEHS-95-106: Published: Apr 25, 1995. Publicly Released: May 5, 1995.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on school-based violence prevention programs, focusing on: (1) four promising prevention programs; (2) the key characteristics typically associated with school-based violence prevention programs; and (3) federal evaluations of school-based violence prevention programs.

GAO found that: (1) the four school-based violence prevention programs reviewed all showed initial success in reducing fighting, gang membership, and court charges among students; (2) promising school-based violence prevention programs are typically characterized by a comprehensive approach, an early and long-term commitment, strong leadership and disciplinary policies, staff development, parental involvement, interagency and community partnerships, and a culturally sensitive and developmentally appropriate approach; (3) efforts are underway to identify successful approaches for curbing school violence; and (4) recent actions to increase federal agency collaboration could enhance efforts to identify promising programs and improve the sharing of expertise and resources.

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