Tax Administration:

IRS' Low-Dollar Notices Sent to Individual Taxpayers

GGD-00-84: Published: Apr 14, 2000. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2000.

Additional Materials:


James R. White
(202) 512-5594


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) computer-generated low-dollar notices, focusing on notices involving: (1) amounts due of less than $5; and (2) refunds of less than $1.

GAO noted that: (1) of the over 31 million computer-generated notices IRS sent to individual taxpayers in 1999, about 1.5 million were low-dollar notices; (2) 82 percent of these (about 1.3 million) reflected adjustments IRS had made to correct discrepancies such as those between information reported to IRS by a third party and information reported on the taxpayer's original return; (3) most notices had zero balances, requiring no additional action or response by the taxpayer; (4) however, in considering taxpayer burden issues related to low-dollar notices, it is important to note that in the vast majority of cases, while the final dollar amounts reported on the notices were small or zero, they represented "net" amounts; (5) that is, they were the net result of changes to the taxpayer's account involving larger amounts; (6) according to IRS estimates, the agency cost to prepare and send a low-dollar notice is about $0.42; (7) the cost would rise by about an additional $1.30 if IRS needed to process a payment received from a taxpayer because of the original notice, and by another $14.32 if it needed to respond to a taxpayer inquiry related to the notice; (8) IRS sends low-dollar notices to taxpayers pursuant to statutory requirements, such as to correct a math error or to issue a notice of deficiency, or in accordance with the Internal Revenue Manual; (9) the notices, which inform taxpayers of any change to their account, are sent regardless of the dollar amounts involved; and (10) IRS is aware of the potential burden placed on taxpayers in dealing with low-dollar notices and has formed an internal task team to examine the issue and identify potential improvements.

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