Financial Management Systems:
OMB's Financial Management Line of Business Initiative Continues but Future Success Remains Uncertain
GAO-09-328: Published: May 7, 2009. Publicly Released: May 7, 2009.
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In March 2004, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) launched the financial management line of business (FMLOB) initiative, in part, to reduce the cost and improve the quality and performance of federal financial management systems by leveraging shared service solutions and implementing other reforms. In March 2006, GAO reported that OMB's approach did not fully integrate certain fundamental system implementation-related concepts and recommended OMB take specific actions. This report discusses (1) OMB's progress in addressing GAO's prior FMLOB recommendations and implementation challenges and (2) the effectiveness of OMB's monitoring of financial management system modernization projects and their costs. GAO's methodology included reviewing OMB's FMLOB-related guidance and reports and interviewing OMB and Financial Systems Integration Office (FSIO) staff.
OMB has made progress toward implementing the FMLOB initiative. In March 2006, GAO recommended that OMB place a high priority on fully integrating four key concepts into its approach. As shown in the table, OMB has completed actions to fully address 5 of GAO's 18 recommendations. Although OMB has made progress toward completing the remaining 13 recommendations, extensive work remains before the goals of the FMLOB initiative are achieved. For example, OMB has yet to finalize a financial management system concept of operations, the first and foremost critical building block on which the remaining three concepts will be built. In addition, development of a migration timeline reflecting agencies' commitment for migrating to shared service providers has not yet been completed. Further, agencies are not required to consider migrating until the next major release of their core financial system and much work remains before the software used by shared service providers will incorporate the standard business processes currently under development. Accordingly, FSIO officials stated it could take 15 years or more before software that incorporates these standard business processes is in use governmentwide. We recognize that the FMLOB initiative represents a long-term effort; however, expediting efforts to address our prior recommendations could help achieve more effective and timely benefits. Until OMB fully integrates the four key concepts into its approach, the extent to which FMLOB goals will be achieved is uncertain. The Chief Financial Officers Act of 1990 and other information technology (IT) reform legislation contain requirements related to OMB's oversight of agency financial management systems modernization and other IT projects. Achieving FMLOB goals requires effective OMB oversight of agency modernization projects, but OMB has yet to fully address GAO's previously reported oversight-related recommendations such as taking actions to define and ensure that agencies effectively implement disciplined processes and develop a more structured review of agency efforts. In addition, OMB does not obtain and report complete and accurate data concerning agencies' spending on financial management system modernization projects. The lack of sufficient information and processes to effectively monitor agency modernization efforts and their costs limits OMB's ability to evaluate and help reduce the risks associated with financial management system implementations as well as achieve FMLOB goals.
Recommendation for Executive Action
Status: Closed - Implemented
Comments: In July 2010, OMB revised guidance requiring agencies to report information on capital assets and information technology (IT) investments. According to new guidance contained in OMB Circular No. A-11, Part 7, Section 300, agencies are required to list each financial system funded within each IT investment and specify whether the type of financial system is a core financial system, procurement system, loan system, grant system, payroll system, budget formulation system, billing system, or travel system. In addition, according to Section 53 of this guidance, agencies are required to specifically identify IT investments that are core financial systems and, for mixed systems, identify the percentage of funding that relates to core financial system functions. If fully and effectively implemented, OMB's revised guidance should help assure more complete and accurate reporting on federal agencies' actual and planned spending on financial management system modernization projects.
Recommendation: To assist oversight efforts specifically related to federal financial management systems, the Director of OMB should take actions to facilitate complete and accurate reporting of actual and planned spending related to financial management system modernization projects, including the financial portion of mixed systems that significantly support financial management functions, and make necessary changes in existing guidance to meet these needs.
Agency Affected: Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget