Data on Hispanic Representation in the Federal Workforce

GAO-07-493R: Published: May 18, 2007. Publicly Released: May 18, 2007.

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George H. Stalcup
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In August 2006, we reported to Congress on the results of our review, which Congress requested, of factors affecting Hispanic representation in the federal workforce and efforts being taken by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), Office of Personnel Management (OPM), and other agencies related to Hispanic representation. We reported that EEOC and OPM require agencies to analyze their workforces to help ensure equal employment opportunity and that EEOC requires agencies to analyze subsets of their workforce to determine whether barriers to such opportunities may exist. As indicated in that report, and as discussed with Congress, this report contains additional data on Hispanic representation in various subsets of the federal workforce with some comparisons to Hispanic representation in the Civilian Labor Force (CLF). The data in this report provide a foundation for further analyses by agency officials and policymakers as they consider a broad spectrum of issues related to Hispanic representation in the federal workforce. These data include analyses by agency, selected occupation, occupational category, grade, and among new hires. For purposes of these analyses, the federal workforce governmentwide includes civilian employees of all cabinet-level departments, independent agencies, commissions, councils, and boards in the executive branch except the intelligence agencies, the Postal Service, and the Foreign Service (as of 2006).

This report provides data on: (1) Hispanic representation for each of the 24 Chief Financial Officer Act agencies, using the CPDF for each of the years 1990-2006. The Central Personnel Data File (CPDF) is a database maintained by OPM that contains individual records for most federal employees and personnel actions. It is the primary governmentwide source for information on federal employees; (2) Hispanic representation in the CLF and governmentwide by EEOC's occupational categories. EEOC uses nine occupational categories for the federal workforce--officials and managers, professionals, technicians, sales, office and clerical, craft workers, operatives, laborers, and service workers. EEOC also requires private sector employers to report data using these nine categories; (3) Hispanic representation governmentwide by OPM's occupational categories. OPM, which is responsible for classifying federal occupations, uses six occupational categories; one covering blue-collar occupations, which includes occupations comprising the trades, crafts, and manual labor, and five covering white-collar occupations--professional, administrative, technical, clerical, and other white collar; (4) Hispanic representation in federal occupations and in similar occupations in the CLF. We selected the occupations which in September 2004 had 10,000 or more federal employees--47 occupations in total; (5) Hispanic representation by pay plan/grade; and (6) Hispanic representation governmentwide and, for each agency, among new hires, separately for permanent and nonpermanent hires, using the CPDF for 1990 and each of the years 2000-2006.

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