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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the role of medical education in physician specialty choices, focusing on: (1) the students who are more likely to choose generalist or primary care specialties in medical school; (2) the curriculum requirements that expose medical students and residents to primary care training; and (3) how federal financing of medical education influences students' career choices.

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Matter for Congressional Consideration

Matter Status Comments
To support the training of primary care physicians, Congress may want to consider modifying Medicare's payment methodology for the direct costs of graduate medical education to provide incentives for training in nonhospital settings.
Closed - Implemented
No bills implementing this recommendation have been submitted in Congress.

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