Every year we audit the consolidated financial statements of the U.S. government.
During our FY 2019 audit, we found that corrective actions were not complete for 12 previously reported deficiencies in the processes used to prepare the financial statements. We also identified new deficiencies related to:
the consideration of unaudited agency information included in the financial statements
revised policies for reporting in accordance with accounting standards
disclosures for different accounting policies in accordance with accounting standards
We made 3 recommendations to address these new issues.
What GAO Found
During its audit of the fiscal year 2019 consolidated financial statements of the U.S. government (CFS), GAO reported control deficiencies in the Department of the Treasury's (Treasury) and the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) processes used to prepare the CFS. These control deficiencies contributed to material weaknesses in internal control that involve the federal government's inability to
adequately account for intragovernmental activity and balances between federal entities;
reasonably assure that the consolidated financial statements are (1) consistent with the underlying audited entities' financial statements, (2) properly balanced, and (3) in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles; and
reasonably assure that the information in the (1) Reconciliations of Net Operating Cost and Budget Deficit and (2) Statements of Changes in Cash Balance from Budget and Other Activities is complete, properly supported, and consistent with the underlying information in the audited entities' financial statements and other financial data.
During its audit of the fiscal year 2019 CFS, GAO identified three new internal control deficiencies.
Treasury implemented a new process for obtaining significant component entity information for inclusion in the CFS, but did not sufficiently consider the aggregate impact of information not obtained from audited significant component entity financial statements on the reliability of the CFS.
Treasury's process for revising its accounting and reporting policies did not reasonably assure that the Statement of Operations and Changes in Net Position, Funds from Dedicated Collections note, and Other Liabilities note were prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP).
Treasury did not have sufficient procedures to reasonably assure that disclosures for financial information incorporated using accounting standards issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board were prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
In addition, GAO determined whether various other control deficiencies identified in previous years' audits with respect to the processes used to prepare the CFS either were resolved or continued to exist. Specifically, Treasury, in coordination with OMB, implemented corrective actions that resolved the control deficiencies related to four of the 16 recommendations open as of the completion of GAO's fiscal year 2018 CFS audit, and as a result, GAO closed these four recommendations. While progress was made, 12 of the 16 recommendations remained open as of February 19, 2020, the date of GAO's report on its audit of the fiscal year 2019 CFS. GAO will continue to monitor the status of corrective actions to address the three new recommendations made in this report as well as the 12 open recommendations from prior years as part of its fiscal year 2020 CFS audit.
Why GAO Did This Study
The Secretary of the Treasury, in coordination with the Director of OMB, prepares the Financial Report of the United States Government, which contains the CFS. Since GAO's first audit of the fiscal year 1997 CFS, certain material weaknesses and other limitations on the scope of its work have prevented GAO from expressing an opinion on the accrual-based consolidated financial statements. As part of the fiscal year 2019 CFS audit, GAO identified material weaknesses and other continuing control deficiencies in the processes used to prepare the CFS. The purpose of this report is to provide (1) details on new control deficiencies GAO identified related to the processes used to prepare the CFS, along with related recommendations, and (2) the status of corrective actions that Treasury and OMB have taken to address GAO's prior recommendations related to the processes used to prepare the CFS that remained open as of the completion of GAO's audit of the fiscal year 2018 CFS.
GAO is making three new recommendations to Treasury to address the control deficiencies identified during the fiscal year 2019 CFS audit. In commenting on GAO's draft report, Treasury concurred with the three new recommendations, identified actions to address them, and noted its ongoing commitment to improving federal financial reporting. OMB generally agreed with the draft report and noted its continuing commitment to achieving sound financial management across the federal government.
Recommendations for Executive Action
|Department of the Treasury||1. We recommend that the Secretary of the Treasury ensure that the Fiscal Assistant Secretary enhances Treasury's procedures for the aggregate analysis to consider the impact of all amounts not obtained from significant entity audited financial statements on the reliability of the CFS and use the results to determine if audit coverage is needed for any information. (Recommendation 1)|
|Department of the Treasury||2. We recommend that the Secretary of the Treasury ensure that the Fiscal Assistant Secretary enhances Treasury's process for revising accounting and reporting policies to reasonably assure that financial information—including the SOCNP, Funds from Dedicated Collections note, and Other Liabilities note—is prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP and sufficiently documented to allow effective management review. (Recommendation 2)|
|Department of the Treasury||3. We recommend that the Secretary of the Treasury ensure that the Fiscal Assistant Secretary enhances existing procedures to reasonably assure that disclosures for financial information incorporated using accounting standards issued by FASB are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, such as improving (1) the quantitative analysis to consider all FASB information included in the CFS, (2) the FASB questionnaire to consider all relevant disclosures and obtain responses from all significant component entities, and (3) procedures for sufficiently documenting analyses and conclusions related to FASB information in the CFS. (Recommendation 3)|