What GAO Found
Why GAO Did This Study
In fiscal years 2008 through 2011, U.S. agencies obligated about $3 billion toward nonemergency food aid programs. The primary goal of these programs is to increase agricultural capacity and reduce malnutrition. Nonemergency food aid programs are primarily development assistance programs that address long-term chronic hunger (food insecurity). The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) administer these programs. In 2008, we identified factors that contribute to food insecurity--such as low agricultural productivity, limited rural development, government policy disincentives, and poor health among agricultural workers. We previously reported that efforts to mitigate these factors have been fragmented and uncoordinated across the U.S. government. In response to your concerns about fragmentation, overlap, and duplication in USAID and USDA nonemergency food aid programs, we examined the extent to which these agencies' nonemergency food aid programs pursue similar objectives.
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