This testimony is on the financial condition of the Federal Housing Administration's (FHA) Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund (Fund). FHA has helped millions of families purchase homes through its single-family mortgage insurance programs and in recent years, has experienced a dramatic increase in its market role. FHA insures almost all of its single-family mortgages under the Fund, which is reviewed from both an actuarial and budgetary perspective each year. On the basis of an independent actuarial review, FHA reported in November 2009 that the Fund was not meeting the statutory 2 percent capital reserve requirement as of the end of fiscal year 2009, as measured by the Fund's estimated capital ratio--that is, the Fund's economic value divided by the insurance-in-force. Additionally, although the Fund historically has produced budgetary receipts for the federal government, a weakening in the performance of FHA-insured loans has heightened the possibility that FHA will require additional funds to help cover its costs on insurance issued to date. This statement today is based on a report released yesterday, titled Mortgage Financing: Opportunities to Enhance Management and Oversight of FHA's Financial Condition. This statement discusses (1) how estimates of the Fund's capital ratio have changed in recent years and the budgetary implications of changes in the Fund's financial condition; (2) how FHA and its actuarial review contractor evaluate the financial condition of the Fund; (3) the steps FHA has taken to improve the financial condition of the Fund and how the agency has interpreted statutory requirements pertaining to the management of and reporting on the Fund's condition; and (4) changes in the performance and characteristics of FHA-insured mortgages in recent years.
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