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Highlights

Since 2002, the United States has worked to develop the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF). The Department of Defense (Defense), through its Combined Security Transition Command-Afghanistan (CSTC-A), directs U.S. efforts to develop the Afghan National Army (ANA) and, in conjunction with the Department of State (State), the Afghan National Police (ANP). To follow up on recommendations from GAO's 2005 report on the ANSF, GAO analyzed the extent to which U.S. plans for the ANSF contain criteria we recommended. GAO also examined progress made and challenges faced in developing the ANA and ANP. To address these objectives, GAO reviewed Defense, State, and contractor documents and met with cognizant officials. GAO has prepared this report under the Comptroller General's authority to conduct evaluations on his own initiative.

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Recommendations

Matter for Congressional Consideration

Matter Status Comments
To help ensure that action is taken to facilitate accountability and oversight in the development and sustainment of the ANSF, and consistent with our previous 2005 recommendation and the 2008 congressional mandate, Congress may wish to consider conditioning a portion of future appropriations related to training and equipping the ANSF on completion of a coordinated, detailed plan that, among other things, includes clearly defined objectives and performance measures, milestones for achieving these objectives, future funding requirements, and a strategy for sustaining the results achieved, including plans for transitioning responsibilities to Afghanistan; and the timely receipt of the reports mandated by sections 1230 and 1231 of Pub. L. 110-181, the first of which are already late.
Closed - Implemented
On June 18, 2008, hearings were held by the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs. GAO's Director for International Counterterrorism Issues testified on U.S. efforts to develop capable Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF). The Director presented GAO's findings, as well as noted that Congress should consider conditioning a portion of future appropriations related to training and equipping the ANSF on the completion of a coordinated and detailed plan for the development and completion of the ANSF. After the Director's testimony, Committee members asked a number of questions regarding GAO's findings, including those related to the matter for congressional consideration, as well as noting they would consider conditioning a portion of future appropriations related to training and equipping the ANSF.

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