Because the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) can inspect only a fraction of 7 million U.S. worksites each year in its efforts to ensure safe and healthy working conditions, the agency has increasingly supplemented enforcement with "voluntary compliance strategies" to reach more employers and employ its resources most effectively. GAO assessed the types of strategies used, the extent of their use, and their effectiveness. GAO also obtained suggestions from specialists for additional voluntary compliance strategies.
Recommendations for Executive Action
|Department of Labor||In order to strengthen OSHA's voluntary compliance strategies, the Secretary of Labor should direct the Assistant Secretary for Occupational Safety and Health to identify cost-effective methods of collecting complete, comparable data on program outcomes for the VPP and Partnership programs to use in assessing their effectiveness, and continue to search for cost-effective approaches that will enable the agency to assess the effectiveness of the State Consultation and Alliance programs.|
|Department of Labor||In order to strengthen OSHA's voluntary compliance strategies, the Secretary of Labor should direct the Assistant Secretary for Occupational Safety and Health to develop a strategic framework that articulates the purposes and distinctions of the different voluntary compliance programs, sets priorities among these programs, and identifies how the agency's resources should be allocated among these programs, before further expanding them.|