Nuclear Safety:

Concerns with Nuclear Facilities and Other Sources of Radiation in the Former Soviet Union

RCED-96-4: Published: Nov 7, 1995. Publicly Released: Nov 7, 1995.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on U.S. and international efforts to address nuclear safety and environmental problems in the former Soviet Union.

GAO found that: (1) the former Soviet Union has at least 221 nuclear facilities operating, 99 of which are located in Russia; (2) as many as 20,000 organizations throughout the former Soviet Union are using various types of radiation for medicine, industry, and research; (3) aging facilities and equipment, inadequate technology, a lack of commitment to safety, the absence of independent nuclear regulatory bodies, and a lack of funding are contributing to unsafe conditions in the former Soviet Union; (4) efforts are under way to study the radiological effects of operating nuclear facilities and nuclear-powered submarines; and (6) the United States has committed $55 million to support programs focusing on the environmental and health effects caused by the production of nuclear weapons in the former Soviet Union.

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