Farm Payments:

Cost and Other Information on USDA's Commodity Certificates

RCED-87-117BR: Published: Mar 26, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 1987.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's use of commodity certificates and the costs of issuing the certificates in lieu of cash payments.

GAO found that: (1) the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) issued about $5.5 billion in commodity certificates to farm program participants in lieu of cash payments; (2) as of January 1987, participants had exchanged $3 billion in certificates for crops under price-support loans and, as a result, increased net loan outlays by $3.1 billion; (3) although the increase in CCC outlays resulted from the certificates' effect on CCC loan programs, the certificates also reduced government inventory and loan stocks, as well as related storage, transportation, and handling costs; (4) farmers who exchanged certificates for grain realized benefits by marketing the grain at higher prices than the exchanged values; and (5) commodity certificates also created easier access to CCC-owned grain at market prices.

Jul 17, 2018

Jul 2, 2018

Jun 5, 2018

Apr 18, 2018

Apr 16, 2018

Apr 10, 2018

Mar 5, 2018

Nov 30, 2017

Nov 27, 2017

Nov 21, 2017

Looking for more? Browse all our products here