Peace Operations:

Withdrawal of U.S. Troops From Somalia

NSIAD-94-175: Published: Jun 9, 1994. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 1994.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the withdrawal of U.S. forces from Somalia, focusing on the: (1) remaining U.S. forces and their mission in Somalia; (2) equipment left in Somalia by U.S. forces; and (3) ongoing United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM II).

GAO found that: (1) about 90 U.S. government personnel remained in Somalia as of April 1994, with about 70 military personnel providing security and assistance to the U.S. Liaison Office and contract administration assistance to UNOSOM II; (2) almost all U.S. military personnel will be withdrawn from Somalia at an unknown future date; (3) the United States sold over $44 million worth of equipment to the United Nations and leased almost $4 million worth of military equipment to military contingents participating in UNOSOM II; (4) the Department of Defense (DOD) will furnish spare parts to the United Nations if it establishes a cash account with DOD for paying for the items, since DOD is restricted from obligating funds for anything other than limited troop support in Somalia; (5) other equipment was loaned to the United Nations to maintain logistics and military support after the withdrawal; (6) UNOSOM II has replaced the logistics capabilities lost when the U. S. military withdrew from Somalia by contracting with a U.S. engineering firm; (7) U.S. officials believe that UNOSOM II can carry out its mandate at current troop levels, but some DOD officials believe that inter-clan fighting could jeopardize execution of the UNOSOM II mandate; and (8) the United Nations has been trying to reestablish the independent Somali police force with some DOD equipment.

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