Export Controls:

U.S. Controls on Trade With Selected Middle Eastern Countries

NSIAD-91-193FS: Published: Apr 12, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 1991.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed U.S. export controls in the Middle East, to determine the: (1) number and dollar value of license applications for exports of dual-use items to 10 Middle East countries; and (2) level and commodity structure of trade between the U.S. and those countries.

GAO found that: (1) annual U.S. exports averaged $10.9 billion for the 10 countries, representing less than 5 percent of total annual U.S. exports; (2) about $3.2 billion per year represented government-to-government military sales; (3) due to stricter export controls in Iran, Iraq, Libya, Yemen, and Syria, the United States annually approved about 67 percent of all applications for exports of dual-use items; (4) the United States approved about 94 percent of applications for dual-use exports to Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia; (5) exports of dual-use items to the 10 countries decreased from $2.6 billion in 1987 to $2 billion in 1990; (6) 95 percent of all foreign military sales deliveries were made to Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Israel, and no deliveries were made to Iran, Iraq, Libya, Yemen, or Syria; and (7) fuels were the largest U.S. imports from the countries, while machinery and equipment accounted for the largest proportion of U.S. exports to those countries.

Mar 22, 2018

Mar 16, 2018

Mar 8, 2018

Mar 6, 2018

Feb 27, 2018

Feb 14, 2018

Feb 6, 2018

Jan 29, 2018

Dec 14, 2017

Nov 21, 2017

Looking for more? Browse all our products here