Foreign Affairs:

Forced Labor in the People's Republic of China

NSIAD-90-244BR: Published: Jul 23, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 1990.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed allegations of widespread forced labor in the People's Republic of China, focusing on: (1) the extent of forced labor in China, including the number of facilities and the number of those detained; and (2) the organization of the forced labor system.

GAO found that: (1) the Department of State currently estimates the number of prisons and labor reform or reeducation facilities and detention centers at about 3,000; (2) about 1.5 million individuals are involved in reform through labor, with 500,000 in prisons and 1 million in reform camps; (3) the use of labor to reform and reeducate criminals and other individuals is a long-standing practice in China; (4) the United States has restricted the import of the products of forced labor from any country since 1890; (5) certain products of forced labor had been imported into the United States from China; and (6) some goods manufactured in Chinese labor reform and reeducation facilities had been exported.

Mar 22, 2018

Mar 16, 2018

Mar 8, 2018

Mar 6, 2018

Feb 27, 2018

Feb 14, 2018

Feb 6, 2018

Jan 29, 2018

Dec 14, 2017

Nov 21, 2017

Looking for more? Browse all our products here