Central America:

Conditions of Refugees and Displaced Persons

NSIAD-89-54: Published: Mar 1, 1989. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 1989.

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GAO provided information on the conditions of Salvadoran and Nicaraguan refugees and displaced persons in Honduras, El Salvador, and Costa Rica.

GAO found that: (1) about 120,000 Central American refugees, including about 28,000 refugees from El Salvador and about 48,000 from Nicaragua, registered with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and were receiving food, education, and health care assistance; (2) the number of refugees not registered with UNHCR is believed to be several times greater than the number of registered refugees; (3) over 200,000 Salvadorans have been displaced within their own country; (4) camps in Costa Rica had running water and electricity, but refugee camps in Honduras and displaced persons sites in El Salvador did not; and (5) although many refugees have repatriated, continuing conflicts in the region have discouraged others from returning to their countries.

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