International Trade:

U.S. Government Policy Issues Affecting U.S. Business Activities in China

GGD-94-94: Published: May 4, 1994. Publicly Released: May 16, 1994.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed U.S. policies and programs that affect U.S. business activities in China, focusing on: (1) factors affecting the U.S.-China trade relationship; (2) U.S. and international programs that promote bilateral trade and support Chinese economic development; (3) U.S. policies that may decrease U.S. business opportunities in China; and (4) U.S. efforts to balance its economic, human rights, security, and other interests in China.

GAO found that: (1) since 1970, China has made significant efforts to liberalize its economic and trade policies and encourage private enterprise; (2) U.S.-China bilateral trade and U.S. business investments in China have grown significantly; (3) China's economic development strategy presents opportunities for U.S. trade and investment in industries where U.S. companies are competitive; (4) a number of U.S. agencies and multilateral lending institutions have programs that support China's economic development, oversee China's compliance with international trade policies, and facilitate U.S. business activities; (5) most public and private sector officials consider the uncertainty surrounding the annual renewal of China's most-favored-nation (MFN) trade status as the most important issue affecting U.S.-China economic relations; (6) the United States needs to evaluate the impact of approving or revoking MFN status on its foreign policy, security, economic, and human rights interests in China; (7) many U.S. companies have expressed concern that unilateral and multilateral export controls and the limited availability of federal business funding hinder U.S. business activities in China; and (8) the United States needs to balance its conflicting trade, human rights, technology transfer, and nonproliferation policies if its business and trade promotion efforts are to succeed.

Oct 2, 2020

Sep 22, 2020

Sep 15, 2020

Sep 14, 2020

Aug 27, 2020

Jul 28, 2020

Jun 18, 2020

Jun 9, 2020

May 12, 2020

Looking for more? Browse all our products here