Correctional Institutions Can Do More To Improve the Employability of Offenders

GGD-79-13: Published: Feb 6, 1979. Publicly Released: Feb 6, 1979.

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The inadequacies in education and training programs in Federal and State correctional institutions for improving the employability of offenders has caused much concern. Most offenders are not prepared to obtain and maintain legitimate employment. They need basic education, marketable vocational skills, social skills, and placement assistance.

The opportunities for offenders to improve their legitimate employment prospects while in correctional institutions are limited. Classification, assignment, counseling, and guidance services neither identify offenders' needs and interests nor encourage participation in appropriate programs. Academic education, occupational training, and work assignments do not prepare offenders for employment. Transitional programs do not receive enough attention and education and training programs have not been fully evaluated. Management information systems do not effectively keep track of offenders and system performance.

Recommendation for Executive Action

  1. Status: Closed

    Comments: Please call 202/512-6100 for additional information.

    Recommendation: The Attorney General should instruct the Director of the Bureau of Prisons to strengthen management by making sure that: (1) classification and counseling programs identify offenders' needs and interests; (2) academic and occupational programs prepare offenders for employment; (3) transitional services implement current policies for social education and prelease programs; and (4) management information system is improved by training staff responsible for collecting and reporting information. The Director of the National Institute of Corrections should disseminate to each correctional agency for use as models, the reassessment of classification and counseling services and curriculum materials and program review criteria developed by the Bureau. The Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare should direct the Commissioner of Education to encourage the States to improve management of the classification, counseling, curriculum, on-the-job traning, and transition programs in their correctional institutions. The Secretary of Labor should encourage the use of designated funds for establishing and operating programs and services to prepare and enable offenders to take advantage of employment opportunities.

    Agency Affected:


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