Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service: Migratory Bird Hunting; Early Seasons and Bag and Possession Limits for Certain Migratory Game Birds in the Contiguous United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands
GAO-12-1032R: Sep 17, 2012
- Full Report:
GAO reviewed the Department of the Interior (Interior), Fish and Wildlife Service's new rule on migratory bird hunting. GAO found that (1) the final rule prescribes the hunting seasons, hours, areas, and daily bag and possession limits for certain migratory game birds; and (2) Interior complied with the applicable requirements in promulgating the rule.
September 17, 2012
The Honorable Barbara Boxer
The Honorable James M. Inhofe
Committee on Environment and Public Works
United States Senate
The Honorable Doc Hastings
The Honorable Edward Markey
Committee on Natural Resources
House of Representatives
Subject: Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service: Migratory Bird Hunting; Early Seasons and Bag and Possession Limits for Certain Migratory Game Birds in the Contiguous United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands
Pursuant to section 801(a)(2)(A) of title 5, United States Code, this is our report on a major rule promulgated by the Department of the Interior (Interior), Fish and Wildlife Service, entitled Migratory Bird Hunting; Early Seasons and Bag and Possession Limits for Certain Migratory Game Birds in the Contiguous United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands (RIN: 1018-AX97). We received the rule on August 29, 2012. It was published in the Federal Register as a final rule on August 31, 2012. 77 Fed. Reg. 53,752.
The final rule prescribes the hunting seasons, hours, areas, and daily bag and possession limits of mourning, white-winged, and white-tipped doves; band-tailed pigeons; rails; moorhens and gallinules; woodcock; common snipe; sandhill cranes; sea ducks; early (September) waterfowl seasons; migratory game birds in Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands; and some extended falconry seasons. Taking of migratory birds is prohibited unless specifically provided for by annual regulations. This final rule permits the taking of designated species during the 2012-13 season.
Enclosed is our assessment of Interiors compliance with the procedural steps required by section 801(a)(1)(B)(i) through (iv) of title 5 with respect to the rule. Our review of the procedural steps taken indicates that Interior complied with the applicable requirements.
Section 808(1) of title 5, United States Code, exempts any rule that establishes, modifies, opens, closes, or conducts a regulatory program for commercial, recreational, or subsistence activity related to hunting, fishing, or camping from the 60-day delay in the effective date otherwise required by section 801(a)(3)(A). This is a rule relating to hunting and, therefore, the 60-day delay is not applicable. This final rule is effective on September 1, 2012.
If you have any questions about this report or wish to contact GAO officials responsible for the evaluation work relating to the subject matter of the rule, please contact Shirley A. Jones, Assistant General Counsel, at (202) 512-8156.
Robert J. Cramer
Managing Associate General Counsel
cc: Ron W. Kokel
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Department of the Interior
REPORT UNDER 5 U.S.C. § 801(a)(2)(A) ON A MAJOR RULE
ISSUED BY THE
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
"MIGRATORY BIRD HUNTING; EARLY SEASONS AND BAG
AND POSSESSION LIMITS FOR CERTAIN MIGRATORY
GAME BIRDS IN THE CONTIGUOUS UNITED STATES,
ALASKA, HAWAII, PUERTO RICO, AND THE VIRGIN ISLANDS"
(i) Cost-benefit analysis
Interior relied on the economic analysis that was prepared for the 2008-09 season, because it made no changes to the season frameworks from the previous season. For that reason, Interior stated that it did not conduct a new economic analysis, but instead included the analysis for the 2008-09 season in the record. Interior estimated a consumer surplus of $205-$270 million.
(ii) Agency actions relevant to the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 603-605, 607, and 609
Interior determined that this final rule will have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. Interior relied on a small entity flexibility analysis that was last updated in 2008. The primary source of information about hunter expenditures for migratory game bird hunting is the National Hunting and Fishing Survey, which is conducted at 5-year intervals. The 2008 analysis was based on the 2006 National Hunting and Fishing Survey and the U.S. Department of Commerces County Business Patterns from which it was estimated that migratory bird hunters would spend approximately $1.2 billion at small businesses in 2008.
(iii) Agency actions relevant to sections 202-205 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. §§ 1532-1535
Interior certified that this final rule will not impose a cost of $100 million or more in any given year on local or state government or private entities.
(iv) Other relevant information or requirements under acts and executive orders
Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.
Interior published a series of proposed rules relating to migratory bird hunting from April 17, 2012, to July 20, 2012. 77 Fed. Reg. 23,094 (April 17, 2012); 77 Fed. Reg. 29,516 (May 17, 2012); 77 Fed. Reg. 42,920 (July 20, 2012). Interior received comments on these proposed rules to which they respond in the final rule. Interior found good cause under section 553(d)(3) of title 5, allowing this final rule to take effect immediately upon publication.
Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. §§ 3501-3520
There are no new information collections under this final rule that would require the Office of Management and Budgets (OMB) approval. OMB has approved the existing information collection requirements of the Migratory Bird Surveys and assigned control number 1018-0023, which expires on April 30, 2014. OMB has also approved the existing information collection requirements of the Alaska Subsistence Household Survey, an associated voluntary household survey used to determine levels of subsistence in Alaska, and assigned control number 1018-0124, which expires on April 30, 2013.
Statutory authorization for the rule
Interior promulgated this final rule under authority of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, as amended, 16 U.S.C. §§ 703-711.
Executive Order No. 12,866 (Regulatory Planning and Review)
OMB determined that this rule is a significant regulatory action and, therefore, has reviewed the rule under Executive Order 12,866.
Executive Order No. 13,132 (Federalism)
Interior determined that the regulations that prescribe frameworks from which the states make selections regarding the hunting of migratory birds do not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism assessment.