Part-Time and Other Federal Employment:
Compensation and Personnel Management Reforms Needed
FPCD-78-19: Published: Jun 5, 1979. Publicly Released: Jun 5, 1979.
- Full Report:
Part-time, intermittent, seasonal, or temporary federal workers generally receive the same basic pay rate as permanent, full-time workers, but their eligibility for fringe benefits depends on various factors controlled largely by the employing agency.
At present, the fringe benefits being paid to workers employed less than full-time are inequitable and inconsistent. Congress is currently taking steps to expand part-time career employment and to make fringe benefits commensurate with actual hours worked. Administration ceilings on employment limit flexibility and may cause agencies to design jobs based on the number of spaces available, rather than in terms of the work to be done. A number of hidden benefit costs associated with federal employment, particularly unemployment compensation benefits, are not recognized or charged to the employing agency, possibly decreasing incentive for proper work load management and discouraging good personnel management practices.
Recommendation for Executive Action
Comments: Please call 202/512-6100 for additional information.
Recommendation: The Director of the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) should: (1) propose legislation to provide prorated fringe benefits to less than full-time federal employees where administratively feasible, charging each agency the full costs of its employees' health, life, and retirement benefits, less employee contributions; (2) reexamine the existing types of appointments, tours of duty, and projected lengths of service and issue regulations clarifying when certain designations should be used; and (3) reevaluate the continuance of full health and life insurance coverage of employees in a nonwork status for up to 1 year, granting full-time retirement credit for less than full-time service without corresponding contributions. OPM should improve its monitoring of agency personnel actions which affect the benefit eligibility of less than full-time employees. The Secretary of Labor should study and report to Congress on the feasibility and costs of requiring agencies to budget for and pay unemployment compensation benefits.