B-202748, JUN 10, 1981

B-202748: Jun 10, 1981

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RESERVED RIGHT TO HAVE CLAIM CONSIDERED AND SUBMITTED CLEAR AND CONVINCING EVIDENCE OF MISTAKE THAT WAS MADE. H&P WAS THE LOW BIDDER ON ITEMS 8-13 OF THE SOLICITATION FOR WHICH THE BIDDER WAS REQUIRED TO OFFER A DAILY UNIT PRICE FOR A GUARANTEED QUANTITY OF DAYS AND A TOTAL ITEM AMOUNT. SINCE H&P WAS AWARDED ALL SIX ITEMS. ITS EVALUATED PRICES WERE AS FOLLOWS: UNIT UNIT PRICE TOTAL ITEM ITEM TOTAL ITEM PRICE W/DISCOUNT QUANTITY AMOUNT (W/DISCOUNT) 8 $1. 000 HIGHER FOR ALL SIX ITEMS AND THAT THAT WAS WHAT IT HAD INTENDED TO BID. H&P ACCEPTED THE CONTRACT ON THE BASIS OF THE PRICES CONTAINED IN ITS BID BUT RESERVED THE RIGHT TO HAVE ITS MISTAKE CLAIM CONSIDERED. (THE UNIT PRICES ARE THE RESULT OF DIVIDING THE NET TOTAL ITEM AMOUNTS BY THE QUANTITY OF THE ITEM - 90 - AND ROUNDING TO THE LOWEST WHOLE DOLLAR): NET TOTAL ITEM ITEM AMOUNT NET UNIT PRICES 8 $ 115.

B-202748, JUN 10, 1981

DIGEST: CONTRACT MAY BE MODIFIED AND PRICE INCREASED TO CORRECT MISTAKE ALLEGED AFTER BID OPENING AND PRIOR TO AWARD WHERE BIDDER, STILL LOW, RESERVED RIGHT TO HAVE CLAIM CONSIDERED AND SUBMITTED CLEAR AND CONVINCING EVIDENCE OF MISTAKE THAT WAS MADE, OF MANNER IN WHICH IT OCCURRED AND OF INTENDED PRICES.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR - REQUEST FOR ADVANCE DECISION:

THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR REQUESTS AN ADVANCE DECISION WHETHER TO MODIFY A CONTRACT WITH HAWKINS AND POWERS AVIATION, INC. (H&P) TO CORRECT AN ALLEGEDLY MISTAKEN BID. THE CONTRACT, AWARDED UNDER SOLICITATION NO. 801-20, PROVIDES FOR THE RENTAL OF 13 AIR TANKERS WITH PILOTS FOR USE BY VARIOUS AGENCIES IN ALASKA. WE CONCLUDE THAT H&P'S CONTRACT MAY BE MODIFIED.

H&P WAS THE LOW BIDDER ON ITEMS 8-13 OF THE SOLICITATION FOR WHICH THE BIDDER WAS REQUIRED TO OFFER A DAILY UNIT PRICE FOR A GUARANTEED QUANTITY OF DAYS AND A TOTAL ITEM AMOUNT. IN ADDITION, H&P OFFERED "TRADE" DISCOUNTS OF 20 PERCENT FOR ITEMS 8-11 AND 25 PERCENT FOR ITEMS 12 AND 13 IF H&P RECEIVED THE AWARD OF ALL SIX ITEMS. SINCE H&P WAS AWARDED ALL SIX ITEMS, ITS EVALUATED PRICES WERE AS FOLLOWS:

UNIT UNIT PRICE TOTAL ITEM ITEM TOTAL

ITEM PRICE W/DISCOUNT QUANTITY AMOUNT (W/DISCOUNT)

8 $1,530 $1,224.00 90 DAYS $137,700 $110,160 9 1,466 1,172.80 90 DAYS 131,940 105,552 10 1,466 1,172.80 90 DAYS 131,940 105,552 11 1,466 1,172.80 90 DAYS 131,940 105,552 12 1,750 1,312.50 90 DAYS 157,500 118,125 13 1,750 1,312.50 90 DAYS 157,500 118,125

WHEN APPRISED OF ITS EVALUATED PRICES (INCLUDING THE DISCOUNT) AFTER BID OPENING, H&P REMARKED THAT IT COMPUTED ITS ENTITLEMENT AFTER APPLICATION OF THE DISCOUNT AS APPROXIMATELY $31,000 HIGHER FOR ALL SIX ITEMS AND THAT THAT WAS WHAT IT HAD INTENDED TO BID. SUBSEQUENTLY, H&P REQUESTED CORRECTION OF ITS BID AND SUBMITTED ITS WORKSHEET TO DEMONSTRATE THE NATURE OF ITS MISTAKE AND THE INTENDED BID. H&P ACCEPTED THE CONTRACT ON THE BASIS OF THE PRICES CONTAINED IN ITS BID BUT RESERVED THE RIGHT TO HAVE ITS MISTAKE CLAIM CONSIDERED.

THE WORKSHEET CLEARLY SHOWS THAT, UPON THE CONDITION THAT IT RECEIVED ALL SIX ITEMS, H&P INTENDED TO OFFER THE FOLLOWING TOTAL ITEM AMOUNTS AND NET UNIT PRICES. (THE UNIT PRICES ARE THE RESULT OF DIVIDING THE NET TOTAL ITEM AMOUNTS BY THE QUANTITY OF THE ITEM - 90 - AND ROUNDING TO THE LOWEST WHOLE DOLLAR):

NET TOTAL ITEM

ITEM AMOUNT NET UNIT PRICES

8 $ 115,000 $ 1,277 9 $ 110,000 $ 1,222 10 $ 110,000 $ 1,222 11 $ 110,000 $ 1,222 12 $ 125,000 $ 1,388 13 $ 125,000 $ 1,388

THE WORKSHEET FURTHER SHOWS THAT H&P MERELY MADE A MATHEMATICAL MISTAKE IN CALCULATING THE GROSS UNIT PRICES THAT WOULD BE REQUIRED TO ACHIEVE THE NET (DISCOUNTED) PRICES IT DESIRED. FOR EXAMPLE, FOR ITEM 8, FOR H&P TO RECEIVE $1,277 AFTER APPLICATION OF A 20 PERCENT DISCOUNT IT WOULD HAVE TO BID $1,596. HOWEVER, IN COMPUTING THE ITEM BID PRICE, H&P MULTIPLIED THE $1,277 BY 1.20, WHICH RESULTED IN AN ITEM BID PRICE OF $1,532; IF IT HAD DONE THE MATHEMATICAL COMPUTATION CORRECTLY, IT WOULD HAVE USED A MULTIPLIER OF 1.25 ($1,277 X 1.25 $1,596; $1,596 LESS 20 PERCENT EQUALS $1,277). THE SAME COMPUTATION ERROR WAS MADE WITH RESPECT TO THE OTHER LINE ITEMS.

GENERALLY, A BID MAY BE INCREASED TO CORRECT A MISTAKE ALLEGED AFTER BID OPENING AND PRIOR TO AWARD IF THE BIDDER HAS SHOWN BY CLEAR AND CONVINCING EVIDENCE THAT AN ERROR WAS MADE, THE MANNER IN WHICH IT OCCURRED AND THE INTENDED PRICE, PROVIDED THE CORRECTED PRICE DOES NOT EXCEED THE NEXT LOW ACCEPTABLE BID. SERVIDONE CONSTRUCTION CORP.; MIDWEST CONSTRUCTION COMPANY, B-198711, AUGUST 12, 1980, 80-2 CPD 109; 53 COMP.GEN.190 (1973). H&P'S WORKSHEET CLEARLY AND CONVINCINGLY ESTABLISHES THE EXISTENCE OF A MISTAKE, THE MANNER IN WHICH IT OCCURRED AND THE INTENDED NET PRICES AND THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HAS INFORMED US THAT WITH THE CORRECTION H&P WOULD REMAIN THE LOW BIDDER. THEREFORE, H&P'S CONTRACT MAY BE MODIFIED TO REFLECT ITS ACTUALLY INTENDED NET PRICES.