B-188462, JUL 11, 1977

B-188462: Jul 11, 1977

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HE IS ENTITLED TO PER DIEM BASED UPON THE TIME REQUIRED TO TRAVEL FROM THE CANAL ZONE TO THE NORMAL PROCESSING STATION FOR PERSONNEL RETURNING FOR SEPARATION ON A CONSTRUCTIVE BASIS AND NOT FOR TIME REQUIRED TO TRAVEL TO A MORE DISTANT STATION SELECTED BY HIM FOR HIS CONVENIENCE. 2. PER DIEM ALLOWANCES FOR TEMPORARY DUTY IN HAWAII ARE PAID UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF 37 U.S.C. 405 (1970) AND PART F. THE PER DIEM AUTHORIZED WAS LIMITED BY PARAGRAPHS M4256-2 AND M4205-3E(1A OF 1 JTR FOR AN OFFICER ON TEMPORARY DUTY IN HAWAII WHERE BOTH GOVERNMENT QUARTERS AND GOVERNMENT MESS WERE AVAILABLE. USA: THIS ACTION IS IN RESPONSE TO A LETTER DATED FEBRUARY 3. THE MEMBER WAS TRANSFERRED ON A PERMANENT CHANGE OF STATION (PCS) TO UNITED STATES ARMY SUPPORT COMMAND HAWAII (FORT SHAFTER) WITH A REPORTING DATE OF AUGUST 10.

B-188462, JUL 11, 1977

1. WHERE MEMBER TRAVELS FROM THE CANAL ZONE TO A DUTY STATION FOR THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OF SEPARATION PROCESSING, HE IS ENTITLED TO PER DIEM BASED UPON THE TIME REQUIRED TO TRAVEL FROM THE CANAL ZONE TO THE NORMAL PROCESSING STATION FOR PERSONNEL RETURNING FOR SEPARATION ON A CONSTRUCTIVE BASIS AND NOT FOR TIME REQUIRED TO TRAVEL TO A MORE DISTANT STATION SELECTED BY HIM FOR HIS CONVENIENCE. 2. PER DIEM ALLOWANCES FOR TEMPORARY DUTY IN HAWAII ARE PAID UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF 37 U.S.C. 405 (1970) AND PART F, CHAPTER 4 AND APPENDIX A OF VOLUME 1 OF THE JOINT TRAVEL REGULATIONS (1 JTR). HOWEVER, THE PER DIEM AUTHORIZED WAS LIMITED BY PARAGRAPHS M4256-2 AND M4205-3E(1A OF 1 JTR FOR AN OFFICER ON TEMPORARY DUTY IN HAWAII WHERE BOTH GOVERNMENT QUARTERS AND GOVERNMENT MESS WERE AVAILABLE.

STUART C. FROEHLING, JR., USA:

THIS ACTION IS IN RESPONSE TO A LETTER DATED FEBRUARY 3, 1977, FROM MR. STUART FROEHLING, A FORMER MEMBER OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY, CONCERNING HIS ENTITLEMENT TO PERSONAL AND DEPENDENT TRAVEL AS WELL AS PER DIEM INCIDENT TO A CHANGE OF STATION MADE IN CONJUNCTION WITH HIS INVOLUNTARY SEPARATION FROM THE UNITED STATES ARMY, WHICH, IN EFFECT, CONSTITUTES AN APPEAL FROM A SETTLEMENT BY THE CLAIMS DIVISION OF THIS OFFICE DATED JANUARY 11, 1977, WHICH DISALLOWED HIS CLAIM IN PART.

THE RECORD SHOWS THAT BY SPECIAL ORDERS NUMBER 132, DATED JULY 10, 1975, ISSUED BY HEADQUARTERS, UNITED STATES ARMY, CANAL ZONE, THE MEMBER WAS TRANSFERRED ON A PERMANENT CHANGE OF STATION (PCS) TO UNITED STATES ARMY SUPPORT COMMAND HAWAII (FORT SHAFTER) WITH A REPORTING DATE OF AUGUST 10, 1975. THE SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS IN THOSE ORDERS IDENTIFIED THE MOVE AS BEING FOR SEPARATION PURPOSES IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE INVOLUNTARY RELEASE/DISCHARGE PROGRAM OF THE FY 76 REDUCTION IN FORCE (IN ACCORD WITH PARAGRAPH 3-58B OF ARMY REGULATION (AR) 635 100). THE MEMBER'S ORDERS ALSO AUTHORIZED CONCURRENT TRAVEL OF HIS WIFE TO HAWAII AND STATED THAT ONLY ONE MOVE OF DEPENDENTS AND HOUSEHOLD GOODS WAS AUTHORIZED IN CONJUNCTION WITH SEPARATION.

THE MEMBER AND HIS WIFE TRAVELED FROM FORT CLAYTON, CANAL ZONE, TO HAWAII BETWEEN AUGUST 7 AND AUGUST 11, 1975, UTILIZING TRANSPORTATION REQUESTS AND MILITARY AIRLIFT COMMAND (MAC) FLIGHTS. UPON ARRIVAL AT FORT SHAFTER, THE MEMBER'S BASIC ORDERS WERE AMENDED TO CHANGE HIS UNIT OF ASSIGNMENT IN HAWAII TO THE U.S. ARMY OVERSEAS REPLACEMENT DETACHMENT FOR SEPARATION PROCESSING. THE MEMBER PERFORMED TEMPORARY DUTY AT FORT SHAFTER, HAWAII, FROM AUGUST 11, 1975, UNTIL HIS SEPARATION FROM THE ARMY ON SEPTEMBER 28, 1975. THE MEMBER AND HIS WIFE APPARENTLY RESIDED IN A HOTEL IN HAWAII FROM AUGUST 11 TO OCTOBER 10, 1975, THE MEMBER HAVING BEEN ISSUED A CERTIFICATE OF NONAVAILABILITY OF BOTH GOVERNMENT QUARTERS AND MESS. THIS CONNECTION, THE FILE SHOWS THAT GOVERNMENT QUARTERS AND MESSING FACILITIES WERE ACTUALLY AVAILABLE TO HIM, BUT THAT THE CERTIFICATE WAS ISSUED ONLY BECAUSE THE MEMBER'S WIFE HAD ACCOMPANIED HIM.

THE SETTLEMENT OF JANUARY 11, 1977, AUTHORIZED PAYMENT OF A PER DIEM ALLOWANCE AS WELL AS PERSONAL AND DEPENDENT TRAVEL ALLOWANCES TO HIS HOME OF SELECTION, HONOLULU, HAWAII, INCIDENT TO THAT SEPARATION, IN THE GROSS AMOUNT OF $460.80. THE VOUCHER AUTHORIZING PAYMENT WAS IN THE NET AMOUNT OF $238.80 ($460.80 LESS UNLIQUIDATED TRAVEL ADVANCE OF $222).

THE SETTLEMENT WAS CALCULATED ON THE BASIS OF 1 DAY PER DIEM AT $11.80 FOR THE DAY OF TRAVEL, AUGUST 10, 1975, AND 49 DAYS REDUCED PER DIEM AT $8.30 A DAY FOR THE PERIOD AUGUST 11, 1975, THROUGH SEPTEMBER 28, 1975. THE TOTAL ALLOWED FOR PER DIEM WAS $418.50 AND REPRESENTED A TOTAL OF 50 DAYS. IN ADDITION, THE SETTLEMENT AUTHORIZED THE PAYMENT OF $42.30 FOR MISCELLANEOUS EXPENSES REPRESENTING TAXI AND BUS FARES, TIPS AND BAGGAGE HANDLING CHARGES.

WHILE IT IS NOT SPECIFICALLY STATED IN MR. FROEHLING'S LETTER IT WOULD APPEAR THAT THE SETTLEMENT IS BEING APPEALED ON THE BASIS THAT SINCE HE WAS ISSUED A CERTIFICATE OF NONAVAILABILITY OF

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IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS FOR THE TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION AUTHORIZATIONS CONTAINED IN 37 U.S.C. 404 ARE FOUND IN VOLUME 1 OF THE JOINT TRAVEL REGULATIONS (1 JTR).

THE AUTHORITY FOR PAYMENT OF TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES OF A MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES TRAVELING UNDER PCS ORDERS FOR PURPOSES OF SEPARATION FROM THE SERVICE TO A PROCESSING STATION LOCATED IN THE UNITED STATES FROM A STATION OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES IS SET FORTH IN PARAGRAPH M4159-1 OF 1 JTR (CHANGE 270). THAT PARAGRAPH PROVIDES GENERALLY THAT A MEMBER IS ENTITLED TO THE ALLOWANCES PRESCRIBED ELSEWHERE IN THE JTR'S FOR THE OFFICIAL DISTANCE FROM THE OLD DUTY STATION AND ITS APPROPRIATE PORT OF EMBARKATION, TRANSPORTATION FROM THERE TO THE APPROPRIATE PORT OF DEBARKATION SERVING THE NEW STATION AND ALLOWANCES TO THE NEW DUTY STATION. WHILE THE MEMBER DID PERFORM THAT TYPE OF TRAVEL DURING THE PERIOD AUGUST 7 THROUGH AUGUST 11, 1975, PARAGRAPH M4158-1A OF 1 JTR (CHANGE 265), MODIFIES THAT ENTITLEMENT AND PROVIDES IN PERTINENT PART:

"A MEMBER WHO * * * IS AUTHORIZED, AS DISTINGUISHED FROM DIRECTED, TO TRAVEL FROM HIS LAST PERMANENT DUTY STATION TO A PROCESSING STATION OF HIS OWN CHOICE AND FOR HIS OWN CONVENIENCE, AND FROM SUCH PROCESSING STATION TO HOME OF SELECTION * * * WILL BE ENTITLED TO THE TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION ALLOWANCES PRESCRIBED * * * FOR SUCH TRAVEL NOT TO EXCEED THE TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION ALLOWANCES TO WHICH THE MEMBER WOULD HAVE BEEN ENTITLED HAD HE BEEN ORDERED TO THE APPROPRIATE PROCESSING STATION PRESCRIBED BY SERVICE REGULATIONS AND RETIRED OR RELEASED TO INACTIVE DUTY THEREAT. * * * "

THE IMPLEMENTING ARMY REGULATIONS (AR 635-10) SPECIFY THAT FOR ARMY PERSONNEL STATIONED IN THE PANAMA CANAL ZONE, THE APPROPRIATE PROCESSING STATION FOR PERSONNEL RETURNING TO THE UNITED STATES FOR SEPARATION IS FORT JACKSON, SOUTH CAROLINA.

BASED ON THE FOREGOING JTR PROVISIONS, THE MEMBER WAS PAID PER DIEM FOR 1 DAY BASED UPON CONSTRUCTIVE TRAVEL, REPRESENTING THE TIME WHICH WOULD BE REQUIRED TO TRAVEL BY AIR FROM THE CANAL ZONE TO FORT JACKSON, SOUTH CAROLINA, FOR OUTPROCESSING, HAD HE NOT RECEIVED PERMISSIVE ORDERS TO BE SEPARATED IN HAWAII. THE RATE OF PER DIEM FOR THAT CONSTRUCTIVE DAY OF TRAVEL WAS SET FORTH IN PARAGRAPH M4205B(1) OF 1 JTR (CHANGE 265) AS $11.80. ALTHOUGH THE MEMBER DID NOT ACTUALLY TRAVEL TO FORT JACKSON, SOUTH CAROLINA, THE LIMITATIONS IMPOSED BY M4158-1A LIMITED THE AMOUNT OF PER DIEM FOR WHICH HE COULD BE PAID FOR TRAVEL TO THE TIME REQUIRED TO TRAVEL TO THE NORMAL PROCESSING STATION. SEE B-173236, SEPTEMBER 30, 1971.

THE AUTHORITY FOR PAYMENT OF PER DIEM FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ON TEMPORARY DUTY IN HAWAII IS PROVIDED IN 37 U.S.C. 405 (1970) AND AS SUCH, CONSTITUTES AN EXCEPTION TO THE PER DIEM DOLLAR LIMITATION CONTAINED IN 37 U.S.C. 404(D) (1970) AND ALSO PROVIDES THAT "DEPENDENTS MAY NOT BE CONSIDERED IN DETERMINING THE PER DIEM ALLOWANCE FOR A MEMBER IN A TRAVEL STATUS."

IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS FOR TEMPORARY DUTY ALLOWANCES (PER DIEM) FOR ALASKA, HAWAII, AND OTHER AREAS OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES ARE SET FORTH IN PART F OF CHAPTER 4 AND APPENDIX A OF 1 JTR. THE PER DIEM ALLOWANCE FOR FORT SHAFTER, HAWAII, AS SET FORTH IN APPENDIX A, 1 JTR (CHANGE 270) FOR OFFICERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WAS $40 PER DAY. HOWEVER, THAT RATE OF PER DIEM WAS LIMITED BY PARAGRAPHS M4256-2 (CHANGE 265) AND M4205-3E(1)(A) (CHANGE 265) OF 1 JTR TO $8.30 PER DAY FOR OFFICERS WHENEVER BOTH GOVERNMENT QUARTERS AND MESS WERE AVAILABLE TO THEM, WHETHER OR NOT THEY ARE USED. THE MEMBER WAS PAID PER DIEM AT THIS RATE FOR 49 DAYS FROM AUGUST 11, 1975, THE DAY OF HIS ARRIVAL AT FORT SHAFTER, HAWAII, UNTIL AND INCLUDING SEPTEMBER 28, 1975, THE DATE OF HIS SEPARATION, SINCE QUARTERS AND MESSING FACILITIES WERE AVAILABLE TO HIM INDIVIDUALLY.

ACCORDINGLY, BASED ON THE RECORD BEFORE US THE ACTION TAKEN BY OUR CLAIMS DIVISION IS CORRECT AND IS SUSTAINED.