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Press Statement on Bid Protest filed by Oracle

WASHINGTON, DC (May 31, 2018)- The following is a statement from Ralph O. White, Managing Associate General Counsel for Procurement Law at GAO, regarding today’s decision resolving the protest filed by Oracle America, Inc., B‑416061, May 31, 2018.

On May 31, 2018, the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) sustained a protest filed by Oracle America, Inc. (Oracle), of Reston, Virginia, challenging the Department of the Army’s entry into a follow-on production other transaction agreement (OTA) with REAN Cloud LLC, of Herndon, Virginia.  (An OTA permits agencies, with the appropriate statutory authority, to enter into agreements that are not viewed as federal contracts; as a result, these instruments are not governed by contracting statutes.)  The production OTA at issue here allows Department of Defense entities to obtain migration of their legacy software applications to a commercial cloud service provider.  The not-to-exceed value of the production OTA is $950 million.  Despite the value stated on the face of the OTA, DOD has advised REAN that it will limit the value of orders placed against the agreement to $65 million.

In its protest, Oracle asserted that the agency did not properly exercise the authority granted to it under 10 U.S.C. § 2371b to enter into a follow-on production OTA.  GAO sustained the protest because we determined that the agency did not comply with the statutory preconditions in 10 U.S.C. § 2371b(f) addressing the award of a follow-on production OTA.  GAO recommended that the agency terminate the production OTA, and either use competitive procurement procedures in accordance with statutory and regulatory requirements; prepare the appropriate justification required by the Competition in Contracting Act of 1984 to award a contract without competition; or review its other transaction authority to determine whether it is possible to comply with the statutory preconditions for entering into a production OTA.

GAO’s bid protest process is handled by GAO’s Office of General Counsel and examines whether procuring agencies have complied with procurement laws and regulations.  Today’s decision was issued under a protective order because the decision may contain proprietary and source selection sensitive information.  GAO has directed counsel for the parties to promptly identify information that cannot be publicly released so that GAO can expeditiously prepare and release a public version of the decision.  When the public version of the decision is available, it will be posted to our website, “”

For more information, please contact Ralph O. White at 202-512-8278, Kenneth E. Patton at 202-512-8205, or Chuck Young at 202-512-4800.  More information about GAO’s Bid Protest process is also available on the GAO website.


The Government Accountability Office, known as the investigative arm of Congress, is an independent, nonpartisan agency that exists to support Congress in meeting its constitutional responsibilities.  GAO also works to improve the performance of the federal government and ensure its accountability to the American people.  The agency examines the use of public funds; evaluates federal programs and policies; and provides analyses, recommendations, and other assistance to help Congress make informed oversight, policy, and funding decisions.  GAO provides Congress with timely information that is objective, fact-based, non-ideological, fair, and balanced.  GAO’s commitment to good government is reflected in its core values of accountability, integrity, and reliability.

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