• The Red Book

    Principles of Federal Appropriations Law, also known as the Red Book, is a multi-volume treatise concerning federal fiscal law. The Red Book provides text discussion with reference to specific legal authorities to illustrate legal principles, their application, and exceptions. These references include GAO decisions and opinions, judicial decisions, statutory provisions, and other relevant sources.

  • Our current Red Book consists of Chapters 1-3 (of the 4th Edition) and Chapters 5-15 (of the 3rd Edition). As we update these chapters, we will also update this table of contents and provide new links. We will no longer publish a separate Annual Update.

    Learn more about the Fourth Edition.

  • Chapters



    4th Edition, Chapter 1


    4th Edition, Chapter 2

    The Legal Framework

    4th Edition, Chapter 3

    Availability of Appropriations: Purpose

    4th Edition, Chapter 4

    Coming soon!


    3rd Edition, Chapter 5

    Availability of Appropriations: Time

    3rd Edition, Chapter 6

    Availability of Appropriations: Amount


    3rd Edition, Chapter 7

    Obligation of Appropriations

    3rd Edition, Chapter 8

    Continuing Resolutions

    3rd Edition, Chapter 9

    Liability and Relief of Accountable Officers

    3rd Edition, Chapter 10

    Federal Assistance: Grants and Cooperative Agreements

    3rd Edition, Chapter 11

    Federal Assistance: Guaranteed and Insured Loans

    3rd Edition, Chapter 12

    Acquisition of Goods and Services

    3rd Edition, Chapter 13

    Real Property

    3rd Edition, Chapter 14

    Claims Against and By the Government

    3rd Edition, Chapter 15

    Miscellaneous Topics