Countering Overseas Threats
The U.S. National Security Strategy calls for a whole of government approachincluding diplomacy and development as well as defense and intelligence capabilitiesto counter overseas threats to the U.S. homeland and U.S. interests.
The United States has invested tens of billions of dollars in efforts to counter overseas threats over the past decade. These efforts, led by the Departments of State and Defense, the U.S. Agency for International Development, and other agencies, have included providing assistance to enhance the capability of foreign partners to combat terrorist networks, counter violent extremism, and confront transnational criminal organizations. For example, GAO has recently issued reports that examined and, where appropriate, made recommendations on the following:
- U.S. efforts to assist Pakistan in countering improvised explosive devices (IED) and prevent the smuggling of IED precursor chemicals, especially calcium ammonium nitrate, into Afghanistan.
- The use of security and civilian assistance to counter terrorist threats emanating from Yemen.
- Transparency and sustainability of billions of dollars in U.S. funds focused on securing and stabilizing Afghanistan and preventing the return of al Qaeda and other extremist groups.
- U.S. agency management of foreign police assistance programs.
- The reliability of performance results data reported by the Department of Defense on its counternarcotics and related security efforts in South America.