Major Management Challenges and Program Risks:

A Governmentwide Perspective

OCG-99-1: Published: Jan 1, 1999. Publicly Released: Jan 1, 1999.

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As part of its Performance and Accountability Series, GAO provided information on the major management challenges and program risks facing federal agencies.

GAO noted that: (1) many agencies continue to struggle with the basic tenets of performance-based management; (2) challenges for federal agencies include: (a) defining appropriate results-oriented goals and measures; (b) aligning organizations and programs in response to current and emerging demands; (c) rationalizing crosscutting federal program efforts; (d) creating performance-based intergovernmental partnerships; and (e) developing the capability to gather and use program performance information to make decisions; (3) the federal government's performance has been limited by a failure to manage on the basis of a clear understanding of the results that agencies are to achieve and how performance will be gauged; (4) agencies' effectiveness has been undermined by outmoded organizational and program structures; (5) organizational issues also are of concern in program areas where responsibilities are shared among two or more agencies; (6) a challenge for agencies is to ensure that modern information technology management practices are consistently defined and properly implemented; (7) while progress is being made in designing and implementing information technology investment management strategies, current federal practices fall short of the statutory expectations; (8) federal decisionmakers must have reliable and timely performance and financial information to ensure adequate accountability, manage for results, and make timely and well-informed judgments; (9) major challenges must be overcome, both at the agency level and for the U.S. government as a whole in preparing reliable financial statements; (10) human capital planning must be an integral part of an organization's strategic and program planning; (11) while every agency GAO examined has made progress in becoming more performance-based, the pace and degree of that progress has been uneven across agencies; and (12) agencies need to recognize that implementing performance-based management is not a one-time occurrence but must become the routine basis for how agencies do business and respond to current and emerging challenges.

Below are the reports in this series:

High-Risk Series: An Update HR-99-1, Jan 1, 1999

Performance and Accountability Series:

Major Management Challenges and Risks: An Executive Summary OCG-99-ES, Feb 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: A Governmentwide Perspective OCG-99-1, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Department of Agriculture OCG-99-2, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Department of Commerce OCG-99-3, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Department of Defense OCG-99-4, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Department of Education OCG-99-5, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Department of Energy OCG-99-6, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Department of Health and Human Services OCG-99-7, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Department of Housing and Urban Development OCG-99-8, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Department of the Interior OCG-99-9, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Department of Justice OCG-99-10, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Department of Labor OCG-99-11, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Department of State OCG-99-12, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Department of Transportation OCG-99-13, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Department of the Treasury OCG-99-14, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Department of Veterans Affairs OCG-99-15, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Agency for International Development OCG-99-16, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Environmental Protection Agency OCG-99-17, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: National Aeronautics and Space Administration OCG-99-18, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Nuclear Regulatory Commission OCG-99-19, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Risks: Social Security Administration OCG-99-20, Jan 1, 1999

Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: U.S. Postal Service OCG-99-21, Jan 1, 1999

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