Renewable Energy: An Inventory of Fiscal Year 2010 Federal Initiatives

U.S. Government Accountability Office

Table of Contents

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Data fields and definitions:

Initiative name - the name of the initiative

Agency - the implementing agency for the initiative

Subagency - the implementing subagency for the initiative, whether a formal subagency, bureau, service, or other similar organization. A "-" symbol indicates a separation between two organizational branches of corresponding subagencies and offices. A "/" symbol indicates a subcomponent of a subagency.

Office - the implementing office within the subagency. A "-" symbol indicates a separation between two organizational branches of corresponding subagencies and offices. A "/" symbol indicates a subcomponent of an office.

Description - a description of the initiative, including its purpose, how it is implemented, and how it relates to renewable energy

Energy sources - For purposes of our work, we defined renewable energy sources as follows:

Bioenergy - energy produced from biological fuel sources in liquid, solid, or gaseous form, not including energy produced from animal, household, or business waste

Geothermal energy - energy produced by the internal heat of the earth

Hydroelectric energy - energy produced by the force of moving water, excluding ocean environments

Ocean energy - energy produced by tides, waves, currents and ocean thermal gradients

Solar energy- energy transmitted from the sun and captured through technologies such as photovoltaics, concentrating solar power, and solar hot water systems

Waste conversion - energy generated from waste material from animals, households and businesses, including anaerobic digestion of agricultural or other waste, landfill gas, and municipal solid waste

Wind energy - energy produced by the movement of air and captured through both land-based and off-shore wind systems

Federal roles - We categorized agencies' initiatives based on our judgment of whether each initiative was most closely related to federal roles that we identified and defined for purposes of this work as follows:

Research and development - efforts that further the knowledge of or the ability to create, develop, or improve renewable energy technologies through, for example, grants or other forms of financial support to carry out such work. We included technology demonstration as part of this area for purposes of our analysis.

Commercialization and deployment - activities that provide incentives for the implementation or promote the competitiveness of renewable energy technologies in the commercial market place. The activities include, for example, loans, grants and other financial support for the design and construction of renewable energy projects, or nonfinancial project-specific assistance, such as technical assistance or legal support.

Regulation, permitting, and compliance - activities that help ensure compliance with federal laws and regulations regarding renewable energy production, use, technologies, or facilities. These activities include, for example, processing applications, conducting compliance reviews and environmental assessments, inspections and enforcement.

Fleets and facilities - efforts to incorporate renewable energy into an agency's property, buildings, vehicles, and other transportation equipment. These efforts include, for example, installing renewable energy generation equipment at agency facilities or leasing alternative fuel vehicles. In addition, we included equipment, such as tactical military equipment, that is procured and deployed by agencies and that incorporates renewable energy technologies as part of the fleets and facilities federal role.

Other - other types of agency efforts related to renewable energy that, for example, provide information, services, or other types of support.

Description of recipient type(s) - a description of the type(s) of direct recipient funding, services, or other types of support from the initiatives

Recipient categories - We categorized the types of direct recipients as one or both of the following:

Public sector - governmental recipients, including domestic and foreign, at all levels from local to national

Private sector - organizations and individuals not directly controlled by a government, including both for-profit and non-profit entities

We categorized direct recipients based on the federal role(s) associated with the initiative (i.e., who received the funding to conduct research, install a renewable energy project at an agency facility, or deploy a renewable energy technology; or, who was regulated by the initiative). In addition, in many instances, federal agencies work through the General Services Administration or the Defense Logistics Agency within the Department of Defense in implementing their fleets and facilities efforts. For purposes of our review, we did not consider these federal agencies to be recipients, but rather "pass-through" entities. We considered the recipients of agencies' fleets and facilities efforts to be the vehicle and equipment manufacturers, fuel suppliers, and contractors that the General Services Administration and Defense Logistics Agency use to serve their federal agency customers.

For the energy sources and recipient categories data, a "1" indicates support for the source or recipient type, and a "0" indicates that the agency did not identify specific support for the source or recipient type. For the federal role data, a "1" indicates the role to which we judged the initiative to be most closely related.


AMS: Agricultural Marketing Service

APHIS: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

ARMD: Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate

ARS: Agricultural Research Service

ATF: Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

B20: A fuel blend of about 20 percent biodiesel and 80 percent petroleum diesel

BLM: Bureau of Land Management

BLS: Bureau of Labor Statistics

BOEMRE: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement

BOP: Federal Bureau of Prisons

CBP: Customs and Border Protection

DEA: Drug Enforcement Administration

DHS: Department of Homeland Security

DM: Departmental Management

DOD: Department of Defense

DOE: Department of Energy

DOT: Department of Transportation

E85: A fuel blend containing 70 percent to 83 percent ethanol

EDA: Economic Development Administration

EERE: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

EIA: Energy Information Administration

EPA: Environmental Protection Agency

ERS: Economic Research Service

ESMD: Exploration Systems Mission Directorate

ETA: Employment and Training Administration

FAA: Federal Aviation Administration

FAS: Foreign Agricultural Service

FBI: Federal Bureau of Investigation

FEMP: Federal Energy Management Program

FERC: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

FLETC: Federal Law Enforcement Training Center

FMCSA: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

FRA: Federal Railroad Administration

FS: Forest Service

FSA: Farm Service Agency

FSIS: Food Safety and Inspection Service

FTA: Federal Transit Administration

FWS: Fish and Wildlife Service

GSA: General Services Administration

HUD: Department of Housing and Urban Development

ICE: Immigration and Customs Enforcement

IRS: Internal Revenue Service

ITA: International Trade Administration

JMD: Justice Management Division

MARAD: Maritime Administration

NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASS: National Agricultural Statistics Service

NHTSA: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

NIFA: National Institute of Food and Agriculture

NIST: National Institute of Standards and Technology

NOAA: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NPS: National Park Service

NRCS: Natural Resources Conservation Service

NSF: National Science Foundation

OCE: Office of the Chief Economist

OE: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability

OSD: Office of the Secretary of Defense

OSI: Office of Strategic Infrastructure

OST: Office of the Secretary of Transportation

PHMSA: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration

RBS: Rural Business Service

RITA: Research and Innovative Technology Administration

RMA: Risk Management Agency

RUS: Rural Utilities Service

S&T: Science and Technology Directorate

SBA: Small Business Administration

SC: Office of Science

SMD: Science Mission Directorate

SOMD: Space Operations Mission Directorate

USAID: Unites States Agency for International Development

USDA: United States Department of Agriculture

USGS: United States Geological Survey

USMS: United States Marshals Service

USPTO: United States Patent and Trademark Office

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