GAO Month in Review September 2006

About the Month in Review

The Month in Review is a comprehensive list of all reports, testimony, correspondence, and other publications issued by GAO during the previous month, grouped according to subject categories.

Top 10 list of significant work made publicly available in the last month

Agriculture and Food

  • Agricultural Conservation: USDA Should Improve Its Process for Allocating Funds to States for the Environmental Quality Incentives Program. GAO-06-969, September 22, 2006 (57 pages).

Budget and Spending

  • Debt Management: Backup Funding Options Would Enhance Treasury's Resilience to a Financial Market Disruption. GAO-06-1007, September 26, 2006 (51 pages).
  • The Nation's Long-Term Fiscal Outlook: September 2006 Update. GAO-06-1077R, September 15, 2006 (6 pages).

Business, Industry, and Consumers

  • Offshoring: U.S. Semiconductor and Software Industries Increasingly Produce in China and India. GAO-06-423, September 7, 2006 (64 pages).

Economic Development

  • Empowerment Zone and Enterprise Community Program: Improvements Occurred in Communities, but the Effect of the Program Is Unclear. GAO-06-727, September 22, 2006 (183 pages).
  • Empowerment Zone and Enterprise Community Program: Survey of Round I Federal Enterprise Communities. GAO-06-734SP, September 22, 2006 (25 pages).


  • Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency. GAO-06-807, August 17, 2006 (70 pages).
  • Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (Chinese Language Summary). GAO-06-950, August 17, 2006 (8 pages).
  • Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (Korean Language Summary). GAO-06-951, August 17, 2006 (11 pages).
  • Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (Spanish Language Summary). GAO-06-949, August 17, 2006 (11 pages).
  • Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (Vietnamese Language Summary). GAO-06-952, August 17, 2006 (10 pages).
  • Higher Education: School's Use of the Antitrust Exemption Has Not Significantly Affected College Affordability or Likelihood of Student Enrollment to Date. GAO-06-963, September 21, 2006 (90 pages).
  • No Child Left Behind Act: Education Actions Needed to Improve Implementation and Evaluation of Supplemental Educational Services. GAO-06-1121T, September 21, 2006 (23 pages).


  • Foreign Workers: Information on Selected Countries' Experiences. GAO-06-1055, September 8, 2006 (154 pages).
  • National Emergency Grants: Labor Has Improved Its Grant Award Timeliness and Data Collection, but Further Steps Can Improve Process. GAO-06-870, September 5, 2006 (38 pages).


  • Natural Gas Pipeline Safety: Integrity Management Benefits Public Safety, but Consistency of Performance Measures Should be Improved. GAO-06-946, September 8, 2006 (37 pages).
  • Natural Gas Pipeline Safety: Risk-Based Standards Should Allow Operators to Better Tailor Reassessments to Pipeline Threats. GAO-06-945, September 8, 2006 (42 pages).
  • Nuclear Energy: DOE's Next Generation Nuclear Plant Project Is at an Early Stage of Development. GAO-06-1110T, September 20, 2006 (13 pages).
  • Nuclear Energy: Status of DOE's Effort to Develop the Next Generation Nuclear Plant. GAO-06-1056, September 20, 2006 (29 pages).
  • Nuclear Regulatory Commission: Oversight of Nuclear Power Plant Safety Has Improved, but Refinements Are Needed. GAO-06-1029, September 27, 2006 (74 pages).
  • Tennessee Valley Authority: Plans to Reduce Debt While Meeting Demand for Power. GAO-06-810, August 31, 2006 (34 pages).

Environmental Protection

  • Climate Change: Federal Agencies Should Do More to Make Funding Reports Clearer and Encourage Progress on Two Voluntary Programs. GAO-06-1126T, September 27, 2006 (18 pages).
  • Climate Change: Greater Clarity and Consistency Are Needed in Reporting Federal Climate Change Funding. GAO-06-1122T, September 21, 2006 (23 pages).
  • Endangered Species: Many Factors Affect the Length of Time to Recover Select Species. GAO-06-730, September 6, 2006 (72 pages).
  • Nuclear Waste: DOE's Efforts to Protect the Columbia River from Contamination Could Be Further Strengthened. GAO-06-1018, August 28, 2006 (28 pages).

Financial Institutions

  • Financial Restatement Database. GAO-06-1053R, August 31, 2006 (87 pages).
  • Financial Restatement Database. GAO-06-1079SP, August 31, 2006 (1 page).
  • Terrorism Insurance: Measuring and Predicting Losses from Unconventional Weapons Is Difficult, but Some Industry Exposure Exists. GAO-06-1081, September 25, 2006 (37 pages).

Financial Management

  • Army Corps of Engineers: Improved Monitoring and Clear Guidance Would Contribute to More Effective Use of Continuing Contracts. GAO-06-966, September 8, 2006 (44 pages).
  • Financial Audit: Independent and Special Counsel Expenditures for the Six Months Ended March 31, 2006. GAO-06-1054, September 29, 2006 (13 pages).
  • Financial Management: Improvements Under Way but Serious Financial Systems Problems Persist. GAO-06-970, September 26, 2006 (69 pages).
  • Grants Management: Enhancing Performance Accountability Provisions Could Lead to Better Results. GAO-06-1046, September 29, 2006 (47 pages).
  • Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Unprecedented Challenges Exposed the Individuals and Households Program to Fraud and Abuse; Actions Needed to Reduce Such Problems in Future. GAO-06-1013, September 27, 2006 (103 pages).
  • Improper Payments: Posthearing Questions Related to Agencies Meeting the Requirements of the Improper Payments Information Act of 2002. GAO-06-1067R, September 6, 2006 (11 pages).
  • Interagency Contracting: Improved Guidance, Planning, and Oversight Would Enable the Department of Homeland Security to Address Risks. GAO-06-996, September 27, 2006 (32 pages).
  • Internal Control: Analysis of Joint Study on Estimating the Costs and Benefits of Rendering Opinions on Internal Control over Financial Reporting in the Federal Environment. GAO-06-255R, September 6, 2006 (44 pages).
  • Managerial Cost Accounting Practices: Department of Agriculture and the Department of Housing and Urban Development. GAO-06-1002R, September 21, 2006 (41 pages).
  • Purchase Cards: Control Weaknesses Leave DHS Highly Vulnerable to Fraudulent, Improper, and Abusive Activity. GAO-06-1117, September 28, 2006 (59 pages).

Government Operations

  • Capitol Visitor Center: Update on Status of Project's Schedule and Cost as of September 21, 2006. GAO-06-1058T, September 21, 2006 (27 pages).
  • E-Government Travel: Participation by Small Businesses and Estimated Program Savings. GAO-06-911, September 15, 2006 (47 pages).
  • Elections: DOD Expands Voting Assistance to Military Absentee Voters, but Challenges Remain. GAO-06-1134T, September 28, 2006 (22 pages).
  • Highlights of the Comptroller General's Panel on Federal Oversight and the Inspectors General. GAO-06-931SP, September 11, 2006 (22 pages).
  • Human Capital: Aligning Senior Executives' Performance with Organizational Results Is an Important Step Toward Governmentwide Transformation. GAO-06-1125T, September 26, 2006 (12 pages).
  • Human Capital: Trends in Executive and Judicial Pay Suggest a Reexamination of the Total Compensation Package. GAO-06-1116T, September 20, 2006 (13 pages).
  • Information Quality Act: Expanded Oversight and Clearer Guidance by the Office of Management and Budget Could Improve Agencies' Implementation of the Act. GAO-06-765, August 23, 2006 (39 pages).
  • Kennedy Center: Progress Made on GAO Recommendations, but Oversight Challenges Still Exist. GAO-06-1025, September 15, 2006 (72 pages).
  • Mail Security: Incidents at DOD Mail Facilities Exposed Problems That Require Further Actions. GAO-06-757, September 15, 2006 (54 pages).
  • The Federal Workforce: Additional Insights Could Enhance Agency Efforts Related to Hispanic Representation. GAO-06-832, August 17, 2006 (64 pages).


  • Consumer-Directed Health Plans: Early Enrollee Experiences with Health Savings Accounts and Eligible Health Plans. GAO-06-798, August 9, 2006 (39 pages).
  • Global Health: Spending Requirement Presents Challenges for Allocating Prevention Funding under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief. GAO-06-1089T, September 6, 2006 (22 pages).
  • Health Information Technology: HHS is Continuing Efforts to Define Its National Strategy. GAO-06-1071T, September 1, 2006 (21 pages).
  • Health Savings Accounts: Early Enrollee Experiences with Accounts and Eligible Health Plans. GAO-06-1133T, September 26, 2006 (11 pages).
  • Hurricane Katrina: Status of Hospital Inpatient and Emergency Departments in the Greater New Orleans Area. GAO-06-1003, September 29, 2006 (39 pages).
  • Privacy: Domestic and Offshore Outsourcing of Personal Information in Medicare, Medicaid, and TRICARE. GAO-06-676, September 5, 2006 (34 pages).
  • September 11: HHS Has Screened Additional Federal Responders for World Trade Center Health Effects, but Plans for Awarding Funds for Treatment Are Incomplete. GAO-06-1092T, September 8, 2006 (20 pages).

Homeland Security

  • Border Security: Stronger Actions Needed to Assess and Mitigate Risks of the Visa Waiver Program. GAO-06-1090T, September 7, 2006 (19 pages).
  • Border Security: Stronger Actions Needed to Assess and Mitigate Risks of the Visa Waiver Program. GAO-06-854, July 28, 2006 (60 pages).
  • Catastrophic Disasters: Enhanced Leadership, Capabilities, and Accountability Controls Will Improve the Effectiveness of the Nation's Preparedness, Response, and Recovery System. GAO-06-618, September 6, 2006 (141 pages).
  • Combating Nuclear Terrorism: Federal Efforts to Respond to Nuclear and Radiological Threats and to Protect Emergency Response Capabilities Could Be Strengthened. GAO-06-1015, September 21, 2006 (34 pages).
  • Disaster Relief: Governmentwide Framework Needed to Collect and Consolidate Information to Report on Billions in Federal Funding for the 2005 Gulf Coast Hurricanes. GAO-06-834, September 6, 2006 (32 pages).
  • Estimating the Undocumented Population: A "Grouped Answers" Approach to Surveying Foreign-Born Respondents. GAO-06-775, September 29, 2006 (96 pages).
  • Homeland Security: Assessment of the National Capital Region Strategic Plan. GAO-06-1096T, September 28, 2006 (23 pages).
  • Illegal Immigration: Border-Crossing Deaths Have Doubled Since 1995; Border Patrol's Efforts to Prevent Deaths Have Not Been Fully Evaluated.. GAO-06-770, August 15, 2006 (63 pages).


  • Alternative Mortgage Products: Impact on Defaults Remains Unclear, but Disclosure of Risks to Borrowers Could Be Improved. GAO-06-1021, September 19, 2006 (58 pages).
  • Alternative Mortgage Products: Impact on Defaults Remains Unclear, but Disclosure of Risks to Borrowers Could Be Improved. GAO-06-1112T, September 20, 2006 (12 pages).

Income Security

  • Social Security Reform: Implications of Different Indexing Choices. GAO-06-804, September 14, 2006 (68 pages).

Information Management

  • Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Leadership Needed to Enhance Cybersecurity. GAO-06-1087T, September 13, 2006 (20 pages).
  • Enterprise Architecture: Leadership Remains Key to Establishing and Leveraging Architectures for Organizational Transformation. GAO-06-831, August 14, 2006 (174 pages).
  • Information Security: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Needs to Improve Its Program. GAO-06-620, August 31, 2006 (31 pages).
  • Information Technology: Improvements Needed to More Accurately Identify and Better Oversee Risky Projects Totaling Billions of Dollars. GAO-06-1099T, September 7, 2006 (21 pages).
  • Internet Infrastructure: Challenges in Developing a Public/Private Recovery Plan. GAO-06-1100T, September 13, 2006 (22 pages).

International Affairs

  • Conflict Diamonds: Agency Actions Needed to Enhance Implementation of the Clean Diamond Trade Act. GAO-06-978, September 27, 2006 (62 pages).
  • Nuclear Nonproliferation: IAEA Safeguards and Other Measures to Halt the Spread of Nuclear Weapons and Material. GAO-06-1128T, September 26, 2006 (28 pages).
  • Process for Admitting Additional Countries into the Visa Waiver Program. GAO-06-835R, July 28, 2006 (18 pages).
  • Rebuilding Iraq: Continued Progress Requires Overcoming Contract Management Challenges. GAO-06-1130T, September 28, 2006 (14 pages).
  • Stabilizing Iraq: An Assessment of the Security Situation. GAO-06-1094T, September 11, 2006 (23 pages).
  • U.S. International Broadcasting: Management of Middle East Broadcasting Services Could Be Improved. GAO-06-762, August 4, 2006 (68 pages).
  • United Nations: Additional Efforts Needed to Increase U.S. Employment at U.N. Agencies. GAO-06-988, September 6, 2006 (59 pages).

Justice and Law Enforcement

  • Executive Office For Immigration Review: Caseload Performance Reporting Needs Improvement. GAO-06-771, August 11, 2006 (41 pages).

National Defense

  • Best Practices: Stronger Practices Needed to Improve DOD Technology Transition Processes. GAO-06-883, September 14, 2006 (58 pages).
  • Contract Management: Service Contract Approach to Aircraft Simulator Training Has Room for Improvement. GAO-06-830, September 22, 2006 (44 pages).
  • DOD Acquisitions: Contracting for Better Outcomes. GAO-06-800T, September 7, 2006 (30 pages).
  • DOD Civilian Personnel: Greater Oversight and Quality Assurance Needed to Ensure Force Health Protection and Surveillance for Those Deployed. GAO-06-1085, September 29, 2006 (55 pages).
  • DOD Contracting: Efforts Needed to Address Air Force Commercial Acquisition Risk. GAO-06-995, September 29, 2006 (36 pages).
  • Defense Acquisitions: DOD Needs to Establish an Implementing Directive to Publish Information and Take Actions to Improve DOD Information on Critical Acquisition Positions. GAO-06-987R, September 8, 2006 (8 pages).
  • Defense Acquisitions: Restructured JTRS Program Reduces Risk, but Significant Challenges Remain. GAO-06-955, September 11, 2006 (34 pages).
  • Defense Infrastructure: Actions Taken to Improve the Management of Utility Privatization, but Some Concerns Remain. GAO-06-914, September 5, 2006 (46 pages).
  • Defense Logistics: Changes to Stryker Vehicle Maintenance Support Should Identify Strategies for Addressing Implementation Challenges. GAO-06-928R, September 5, 2006 (17 pages).
  • Defense Management: Comprehensive Strategy and Annual Reporting Are Needed to Measure Progress and Costs of DOD's Global Posture Restructuring. GAO-06-852, September 13, 2006 (43 pages).
  • Defense Space Activities: Management Actions Are Needed to Better Identify, Track, and Train Air Force Space Personnel. GAO-06-908, September 21, 2006 (60 pages).
  • Defense Transportation: Study Limitations Raise Questions about the Adequacy and Completeness of the Mobility Capabilities Study and Report. GAO-06-938, September 20, 2006 (29 pages).
  • Defense Travel System: Reported Savings Questionable and Implementation Challenges Remain. GAO-06-980, September 26, 2006 (43 pages).
  • Depot Maintenance: Improvements Needed to Achieve Benefits from Consolidations and Funding Changes at Naval Shipyards. GAO-06-989, September 14, 2006 (25 pages).
  • Force Structure: Army Needs to Provide DOD and Congress More Visibility Regarding Modular Force Capabilities and Implementation Plans. GAO-06-745, September 6, 2006 (40 pages).
  • Force Structure: DOD Needs to Integrate Data into Its Force Identification Process and Examine Options to Meet Requirements for High-Demand Support Forces. GAO-06-962, September 5, 2006 (36 pages).
  • Iraq Contract Costs: DOD Consideration of Defense Contract Audit Agency's Findings. GAO-06-1132, September 25, 2006 (16 pages).
  • Military Operations: Background Screenings of Contractor Employees Supporting Deployed Forces May Lack Critical Information, but U.S. Forces Take Steps to Mitigate the Risk Contractors May Pose. GAO-06-999R, September 22, 2006 (17 pages).
  • Military Personnel: Actions Needed to Strengthen Management of Imminent Danger Pay and Combat Zone Tax Relief Benefits. GAO-06-1011, September 28, 2006 (48 pages).
  • Military Personnel: DOD Needs an Oversight Framework and Standards to Improve Management of Its Casualty Assistance Programs. GAO-06-1010, September 22, 2006 (42 pages).
  • Military Personnel: DOD and the Services Need to Take Additional Steps to Improve Mobilization Data for the Reserve Components. GAO-06-1068, September 20, 2006 (54 pages).
  • Military Transformation: Additional Actions Needed by U.S. Strategic Command to Strengthen Implementation of Its Many Missions and New Organization. GAO-06-847, September 8, 2006 (66 pages).
  • Reserve Forces: Army National Guard and Army Reserve Readiness for 21st Century Challenges. GAO-06-1109T, September 21, 2006 (23 pages).

Natural Resources

  • Alaska Native Allotments: Alternatives to Address Conflicts with Utility Rights-of-way. GAO-06-1107T, September 13, 2006 (17 pages).
  • Chesapeake Bay Gateways Program: National Park Service Needs Better Accountability and Oversight of Grantees and Gateways. GAO-06-1049, September 14, 2006 (53 pages).
  • Federal Land Exchange: Assessment of Mount Hood Land Appraisal Reports. GAO-06-1135R, September 26, 2006 (25 pages).
  • Hurricane Katrina: Strategic Planning Needed to Guide Future Enhancements Beyond Interim Levee Repairs. GAO-06-934, September 6, 2006 (48 pages).
  • Interior's Land Appraisal Services: Actions Needed to Improve Compliance with Appraisal Standards, Increase Efficiency, and Broaden Oversight. GAO-06-1050, September 28, 2006 (59 pages).
  • Recreation Fees: Agencies Can Better Implement the Federal Lands Recreation Enhancement Act and Account for Fee Revenues. GAO-06-1016, September 22, 2006 (111 pages).

Science, Space, and Technology

  • Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Additional Action Needed to Incorporate Lessons Learned from Other Satellite Programs. GAO-06-1129T, September 29, 2006 (24 pages).
  • Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Steps Remain in Incorporating Lessons Learned from Other Satellite Programs. GAO-06-993, September 6, 2006 (41 pages).
  • NASA: Sound Management and Oversight Key to Addressing Crew Exploration Vehicle Project Risks. GAO-06-1127T, September 28, 2006 (11 pages).
  • U.S. Aerospace Industry: Progress in Implementing Aerospace Commission Recommendations, and Remaining Challenges. GAO-06-920, September 13, 2006 (79 pages).

Social Services

  • Guardianships: Little Progress in Ensuring Protection for Incapacitated Elderly People. GAO-06-1086T, September 7, 2006 (13 pages).

Tax Policy and Administration

  • Business Tax Reform: Simplification and Increased Uniformity of Taxation Would Yield Benefits. GAO-06-1113T, September 20, 2006 (31 pages).


  • Aviation Safety: FAA's Safety Efforts Generally Strong but Face Challenges. GAO-06-1091T, September 20, 2006 (37 pages).
  • Coast Guard: Non-Homeland Security Performance Measures Are Generally Sound, but Opportunities for Improvement Exist. GAO-06-816, August 16, 2006 (42 pages).
  • Commercial Aviation: Programs and Options for the Federal Approach to Providing and Improving Air Service to Small Communities. GAO-06-398T, September 14, 2006 (40 pages).
  • National Airspace System Modernization: Observations on Potential Funding Options for FAA and the Next Generation Airspace System. GAO-06-1114T, September 27, 2006 (21 pages).
  • Truck Safety: Share the Road Safely Pilot Initiative Showed Promise, but the Program's Future Success Is Uncertain. GAO-06-916, September 8, 2006 (36 pages).

Veterans Affairs

  • Homeless Veterans Programs: Improved Communications and Follow-up Could Further Enhance the Grant and Per Diem Program. GAO-06-859, September 11, 2006 (53 pages).
  • VA Health Care: Budget Formulation and Reporting on Budget Execution Need Improvement. GAO-06-958, September 20, 2006 (32 pages).
  • VA Health Care: Preliminary Information on Resources Allocated for Mental Health Strategic Plan Initiatives. GAO-06-1119T, September 28, 2006 (12 pages).

Legal Products: Decisions and Opinions

  • Armor Group International Training, Inc.. B-298401, August 31, 2006 (4 pages).
  • Aviation Technology, Inc.. B-298313.2, September 21, 2006 (3 pages).
  • Bausch and Lomb, Inc.. B-298444, September 21, 2006 (4 pages).
  • Department of Homeland Security: Use of Management Directorate Appropriations to Pay Costs of Component Agencies. B-307382, September 5, 2006 (8 pages).
  • Department of the Army--Availability of Funds for Security Clearance Expenses. B-307316, September 7, 2006 (6 pages).
  • Dismas Charities. B-298390, August 21, 2006 (7 pages).
  • Intercon Associates, Inc.. B-298282; B-298282.2, August 10, 2006 (11 pages).
  • Legal Services Corporation--Lease with Friends of Legal Services Corporation. B-308037, September 14, 2006 (8 pages).
  • Murray-Benjamin Electric Company, LP. B-298481, September 7, 2006 (5 pages).
  • National Labor Relations Board--Improper Obligation of Severable Services Contract. B-308026, September 14, 2006 (7 pages).
  • SDA Inc.--Costs. B-298216.2, September 11, 2006 (3 pages).
  • Staab Construction Corp.. B-298454, September 26, 2006 (4 pages).
  • State Justice Institute--Newsletter Advertising Charges. B-307317, September 13, 2006 (4 pages).

Legal Products: Federal Agency Major Rules

  • Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Medicare Program; Changes to the Hospital Inpatient Prospective Payment Systems and Fiscal Year 2007 Rates; Fiscal Year 2007 Occupational Mix Adjustment to Wage Index; Health Care Infrastructure Improvement Program; and Selection Criteria of Loan Program for Qualifying Hospitals Engaged in Cancer-Related Health Care and Forgiveness of Indebtedness. GAO-06-1073R, September 1, 2006 (5 pages).
  • Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Medicare Program; Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Prospective Payment System for Federal Fiscal Year 2007; Certain Provisions Concerning Competitive Acquisition for Durable Medical Equipment, Prosthetics, Orthotics, and Supplies (DMEPOS); Accreditation of DMEPOS Suppliers. GAO-06-1074R, September 1, 2006 (4 pages).
  • Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service: Migratory Bird Hunting; Early Seasons and Bag and Possession Limits for Certain Migratory Game Birds in the Contiguous United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. GAO-06-1097R, September 14, 2006 (4 pages).
  • Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service: Migratory Bird Hunting; Final Frameworks for Early-Season Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations. GAO-06-1095R, September 13, 2006 (4 pages).
  • Securities and Exchange Commission: Executive Compensation and Related Person Disclosure. GAO-06-1106R, September 25, 2006 (4 pages).

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