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"Gathering pipelines" carry natural gas or hazardous liquid from wells to other pipelines or facilities. The Department of Transportation recently started collecting data on all of these pipelines—such as size and construction material—to better understand safety risks.
Since 2009, the Department of Energy has invested $1.1 billion in 11 projects to show how carbon dioxide emissions from coal-power and industrial facilities could be captured and stored.
DOE initially committed to 8 coal projects, mostly new power plants with carbon-capture equipment.
Deep-sea mining is the process of exploring the deep seabed and retrieving minerals like cobalt and manganese (used in things like rechargeable batteries, smartphones, and steel), as well as gold, nickel, and rare earth elements.
In 2010, an explosion on an oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico resulted in 11 deaths and the largest oil spill in U.S. history.
Responders applied chemical dispersants to the surface oil slick—to break oil into smaller droplets.
Since 2004, the federal government has offered a tax credit that supports the production of refined coal, which could help reduce air pollution. Producers claimed nearly $9 billion in these credits since 2010.
In 2018, the President imposed tariffs on many steel and aluminum imports, and told the Department of Commerce to allow companies to request relief from paying these tariffs in certain circumstances.
In 2020, Commerce made changes to its procedures for deciding such "tariff exclusion requests.
Illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing undermines the economic and environmental sustainability of the fishing industry in the U.S. and globally.
The U.S. works internationally to combat illegal fishing at sea.
The federal Black Lung Disability Trust Fund pays benefits to coal miners in certain circumstances, such as when the liable mine operator doesn't pay. But the Trust consistently borrows from the Treasury's general fund to cover costs.