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About 1.7 million people—mostly in Sub-Saharan Africa—were newly infected with HIV in 2019. The region has experienced significant population growth, including among youth, who are more vulnerable to acquiring HIV infections.
Some countries in Central America have struggled with high levels of poverty and unemployment, fragile political and judicial systems, widespread drug trafficking and violence, and high homicide rates. The region has become a significant source of migration to the U.S.
What GAO FoundEx-Im's Business Plan concluded that the exposure limits in the Reauthorization Act were appropriate, but GAOs May 2013 report found weaknesses in the methodology Ex-Im used to justify that conclusion.
What GAO Found From fiscal year 2008 to fiscal year 2012, the U.S. Export-Import Bank's (Ex-Im) outstanding financial commitments (exposure) grew from about $59 billion to about $107 billion, largely in long-term loans and guarantees.